Scientific journal «Economics and management on transport»

Issue 3, 2016

Article title

Author (authors)



The model of traffic flow of the city

Bakulich O.O., Samoylenko E.S.

The article highlights the research results the definition of «efficient» vehicles each category.

Object of study – distribution of vehicles registered in the State departments of Kyiv by brand and model.

Purpose of the study – create statistical models of traffic flow.

It is noted that the quantification of anthropogenic impact from traffic flow, operating in large cities, is a time-consuming task that can be solved only approximately. In this regard, the analysis of major domestic and foreign valuation methodologies mass emission of pollutants by transport streams. The analysis allowed to classify these techniques and identify major shortcomings in them.

It is created a statistical model of traffic flow, which represents a combination of «efficient» vehicle respective categories. Model «effective» traffic flow may be recommended for use in bench testing environmental performance of cars in different categories.

The results can be used to assess the mass emissions of pollutants from traffic flow and forecasting of traffic flow pollution levels in cities of different road conditions.



The problem of absence just remuneration of labour is in context of management modern motor transport companies

Bondar N.M., Bobrovnyk D.O.

The article is devoted to the ground the problem of absence just remuneration of labour in the modern terms of management freight motor-car enterprises.

The object of study – the process of evaluation of labour is on modern motor transport enterprises.

Aim of the article – research of modern practice remuneration of labour on freight motor-car enterprises and development suggestions is in relation to the instruments about permission  conflict of interests between workers and proprietors of enterprises.

Research methods – theoretical generalization and analysis remuneration of labour and management transport companies.

Efficiency and profitability of freight motor-car enterprises in a great deal depend on their staff, namely on the productivity of human labor. The article highlighted the remuneration of labour on motor transport enterprises as actual problem on the way to the effective management and the goal of companies. Showing how this situation influence the general state enterprises and motivated of labour force. And also proposed possible ways of decision  and prospects for further study of this question.



Formation of idea of intolerance to manifestations of corruption in society as basic component of mechanism of implementation of anticorruption strategy in Ukraine

Kozak L.S., Fedoruk O.V.

The article investigates the mechanism of creating an effective nationwide system of prevention and counteraction of corruption based on new principles of formation and implementation of anticorruption policy; substantiates anticorruption strategies of foreign countries, possibilities of implementation of anticorruption norms of international law into domestic legislation; defines measures to eliminate corruptive prerequisites of doing business, formation of favorable for abandoning corruption practice of the business climate and intolerant attitude towards corruption.

Object of the research – the process of ensuring economic security of international cooperation.

Purpose of the study – improvement of the mechanism of implementation of anticorruption strategy in Ukraine.

Methods of research – method of abstracting, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, system approach.

Under present-day conditions corruption is a complex social phenomenon, which affects on all aspects of socio-economic and political development of the state extremely negatively, threatens the implementation of the principles of rule of law and social justice, undermines the foundations of democracy and violates human rights. Therefore the solution of problem of corruption is a priority for the Ukrainian society at the present stage of development of the state. The strategic objective of the anticorruption policy is the fight against corruption at all levels by enhancing the transparency of activities of state bodies, observance of rights and freedoms of human and citizen, creating the conditions for development of economy, ensuring European social standards and welfare of the population, reduction of the level of corruption in Ukraine and eliminating the causes and conditions that its cause, ensuring openness and publicity in decision-making and their promulgation in mass media, carrying out public interrogation and discussion prior to their adoption. Comprehensive reforming of system of counteraction to corruption must carried out in accordance with international standards and successful practices of foreign states, to harmonize legislation of Ukraine with European standards.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – improvement of the mechanism of ensuring economic security of international cooperation.



Optimization of goods delivery distribution system

Kotsuk O.J., Bakulich O.O., Musatenko O.V.

The article highlights the research results of the optimization of goods delivery distribution system.

Object of study - the delivery of goods hierarchical distribution systems.

Purpose of the study - determine the conditions necessary to justify the existence of distribution systems with more rational levels and the number of distribution centers to possible transportation technologies.

Methods of the study: Methods of Operations Research to solve optimization problems, provision of economic theory to establish the cost of the goods delivery with the use of compositions.

It is noted that the delivery of goods in the distribution system implemented through the supply chain. So researchers focused their attention on solving practical problems rationalize the structure of the supply chain. More difficult task is to develop a distribution system, because the territorial location of warehouses defined: material flow capacity, demand on the market, the size of the region and the concentration of service consumers, especially the communication ties and more. Among the ways of solving this problem isolated groups such methods as the method of exhaustive search options, heuristics, determine the center of gravity method, a method of test points, the pilot project. Typically as the performance criteria taking the cost of the system, profitability, demand for products, the duration of customer service, limit the cost of goods and so on. The models can solve the problem in specific conditions in the presence of comprehensive information about the geography of consumers and the consumption of goods but poorly focused on the accounting features provide transport goods distribution process.

The task of optimizing the distribution of goods delivery system formulated as follows.

Let region with area S from overseas supply products with time interval T. The intensity of consumption goods is λ per unit area. The region has a hierarchical system with N storages that address the needs of consumers. All storages of one hierarchical level serving the same area (district) and approximated by circles. Insurance stocks stored in distribution storages. Road transport can use the shuttle and deliver traffic routes at different hierarchical levels of the system. It is necessary to establish a rational number of distribution centers and volume of party supplies.

Received by analytical mathematical expressions for parameter optimization distribution system represent a system of transcendental equations whose decisions may only get graphical or numerical methods.

The mathematical model of the goods delivery to describe the patterns of process the goods delivery in distribution systems for the rational strategy of inventory control and efficient formation of topological structures.

Results of the study can be used for improvement of production, transportation and trade enterprises and organizations.

Projected assumptions about the object of study - the development of a rational organizational structure of the distribution system based transport technologies.



Development of cross-border cooperation in Ukraine

Kryvosheieva S.V., Klimenko I.S.

The article analyzes the cross-border cooperation of Ukraine with the EU and assessed key risks and challenges for cooperation with neighboring countries in the context of the enlargement of the Schengen area. Analyzed the achievements of Ukraine in the development of cross-border cooperation between Ukraine and the EU to define its future prospects.

The object of study - Cross-border cooperation.

The purpose of research - analysis of cross-border cooperation in Ukraine in terms of the acceleration of the integration processes.

Research Methods - abstraction, general scientific empirical and theoretical.

Cross-border cooperation is an important element of the National Strategy of Regional Development of Ukraine, the main purpose of which is to create conditions for improving the competitiveness of the regions, to ensure their sustainable development on a modern technological base, high productivity and employment. The development of cross-border relations primarily to promote the establishment of friendly relations in the border areas, so further detailed study of the structure, the main objectives and the main problems of the development of Euro-regions become increasingly important.

KEY WORDS: cross-border cooperation, Euroregion, a joint project of the State program, territorial communities, border regions.


Essence advanced technologies in road transport

Marunich V.S., Vakarchuk I.M., Kharuta V.S.

The article considers innovative solutions to improve transport services in cities.

The object of study – the process of evaluating the use of advanced technology for road transport.

The work purpose – analysis of advanced technologies and the possibility of their use in road transport.

Research methods – scientific identification and a systematic approach.

Demonstrated ability in today's fourth stage of post-industrial evolution of the widespread introduction of on passenger transport, not only of the achievements of telecommunication technology, but robotics, nano- and biotechnologies.

The results of this paper can be used in the formation of national and regional programs of development and improvement of transport in Ukraine.



Influence factors on development innovation-investment potential of the enterprise

Nevmerzhitskiy V.N.

In the article the approaches to determine the factors influencing the innovation and investment potential of innovation and enterprise classification criteria.

Object of study - the factors that influence the development of innovation and investment potential of the company.

Goal. One of the main ways to increase the competitiveness of enterprises is the implementation and development of their innovation and investment potential. It is necessary to consider not only the effect of constituents potential of enterprises, but also the factors that determine the development of innovation and investment potential, so the aim of this work is to study the factors, factors that affect the investment and innovation potential of the company.

Results. The approaches of different authors to determine the factors influencing the innovation potential of the company into three main classification criteria: the level of exposure (internal and external); the nature of the performance impacts (positive (stimulating) and negative (braking)); considering the place of influence and control these factors can effectively control investment and innovation potential of the company.



Features and priorities of strategic development of municipal electric transport companies in the current crisis in Ukraine

Omelianovych O.R., Pryma Y.I.

The paper proposes approach to identify features and priorities of strategic development of municipal electric transport companies in the current crisis in Ukraine.

Object of the study – the strategic planning of urban electric transport in Ukraine.

Purpose of the study – study of current trends in the municipal electric transport in Ukraine, identifying the main problems of the electric transport in Ukraine, drawing up the matrix of competitive advantages and disadvantages, formulation the strategic directions of development of urban electric transport in Ukraine.

Method of the study – theoretical generalization and system analysis of practice of strategic development of municipal electric transport companies.

Efficient operation of municipal electric transport companies has not only economic, but also great social value, because the level of satisfaction of daily transportation needs of the general population depends  of their work. In the article describes evidence that we have systemic crisis in this sector. Based on these data the authors suggested list of competitive advantages and disadvantages of electric transport companies in Ukraine. Also they proposed strategic directions of development of urban electric transport.



Methodical approach to assessing the value the development potential of the enterprises of motor transport

Parfentyeva O.G.

The article considers the methods of valuation of development potential of the enterprise for rezultatem, cost and comparative approaches, the conditions and expediency of application of the individual methods in the enterprises of motor transport.

Cost (property) method of valuation of development potential of the enterprise determines the value of the object by the sum of the cost of its creation and use; comparative (market) method of valuation of development potential of the enterprise determines the value based on comparison with analogues, which were already the objects of market transactions; the effective (profitable) method of assessing the value of potential of enterprise development – assesses the value of the object based on the magnitude of the net flow of positive results from its use.

At cost (economic) approach to assessing the value of potential of the enterprise are the following assessment methods: method of comparative units; a method of dividing components; quantitative method of diagnosis; method of accounting for infrastructure costs; the substitution method; a method of indexing data design and estimate documentation.

For the comparative (market) approach to value appraisal of the development potential of the enterprise produce: the method of paired sales; the method of statistical adjustment; peer comparison methods; the comparison method of multipliers.

For rezultatem approach to assessing the value of potential of the enterprise there are the following methods of valuation: income capitalization method; discounted cash flow method.



The cyclic development of currency systems

Teslyuk N.P., Shvydenko V.V.

The article analyzes the phases of the world currency system cycles and considers changes in technological structures. Furthermore, it identifies the crisis regular variation and denotes perspectives of the global monetary system transformation.

The object of study - the process of modern monetary system’s cyclical development.

The purpose of the study – to analyse of cyclical changes in the global monetary system and determine its further development in the context of technological evolution.

The method of the study – methods of economic, systemic, comparative and graphical analysis.

Results and innovation of the study - article investigates the periodical change of the world currency system and its correlation with technological progress, which appears in the form of systematic technological paradigms. The paper analyses the main causes of currency crises and the changing role of leading countries’ currencies. It substantiates inability of the dollar as the single global currency to ensure the stability of the modern world monetary system.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – the analysis of cyclical currency system enables to assert replacement of Jamaican currency system by a new mechanism in 2018. According to assumptions, cryptocurrency may be a solution of global economy’s destabilization problem the global economy.



Perspective trends of development of investment activity of transnational corporations

Fedoruk O.V., Tuzhyk A.P.

The article investigates the nature of activities of TNCs in developing economies; studies the positive and negative effects of TNC activities for the host country; analyzes economic environment of TNC activities in developing countries; ascertains trends in investing of TNCs in the national economy; identifies ways to attract investment in the economy of developing countries and prospects of interaction of TNCs with national companies.

Object of the research the process of ensuring economic security of international cooperation.

Purpose of the study – improvement of the mechanism of development of investment activity of transnational corporations.

Methods of research – method of abstracting, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, system approach.

Under present-day conditions transnational corporations is one of the most important elements of the development of the world economy and international economic relations. TNCs operate through its structural units in many countries of the world in accordance with the unified scientific-production and financial strategy, have a huge scientific-production and market potential. However in implementing of its objective function in the developing countries they face a number of difficulties both economic and political character. Chief among economic problems are low productivity of labor, insignificant level of private and public consumption, not formed domestic market, undeveloped transport and market infrastructure. TNCs forced to invest heavily in order to ensure the effective operation of its units located in developing countries, and to provide them with economic aid. The value of TNCs activities lies not only in the economic and social aspects, but also in the ecological and technical. They control a substantial part of the scientific and technical potential of the industrialized countries, which allows them to play an important role in the international exchange of technology and scientific and technical knowledge, to actively participate in scientific and technical progress and promote structural shifts in the global economy.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – improvement of the mechanism of ensuring economic security of international cooperation.

KEYWORDS: transnational corporations, investment activity, global economy, international economic relations, subsidiaries, foreign direct investment.


The creation of the correspondence matrix of passenger movements on the basis of data of cellular communication operators

Fornalchik E.Yu., Demchuk I.A.

In the article there are given the developed technique of formation of correspondence matrix of residents, which allows to inspect without considerable labor and financial expenses passenger traffics, on the basis of information arrays of subscribers of cellular communication between zones of aerial operations of this communication and to define the placements of gravitation objects.

The object of research is the volumes of correspondences of population movement.

The purpose of research is the creation of the matrix of correspondence of passenger movements on the basis of these mobile operators, which, in comparison with construction of matrixes on traditional approaches, is not resource expense.

The method of research is the computer programming for data processing of positioning of users of mobile communication.

It is examined the example of the city fragment which territory is covered by 13 aerials of cellular communication. It is constructed the matrix of correspondence of resident movements with using information of mobile operators about carried out transactions of subscribers and also by means of the corresponding algorithms of processing of such data. By means of schedules of volumes of absorption and generation of correspondence by zones of actions of each of the aerials of cellular communication, constructed on the basis of the created matrix, it is also possible to establish the location of gravitation objects of the city.

The use of the offered technique of creation of the correspondence matrix will allow to use it for optimization of routes of public transport by criterion of attractiveness them for passengers.



Features of tourism clusters establishment and operation

Shcherbakova N.A.

The features and benefits of cluster structure as a priority in the organization of entrepreneurial activity, which you help to create a powerful economy of the region and the country as a whole is shown in the article

Purpose – to explore the features of the establishment and operation of tourism clusters in Ukraine and prospects of its further development.

Object is the process of formation and development of clusters.

In this work the signs and approaches  of clustered structures creation, evaluates the effectiveness of the establishment and functioning of clusters, the structure of the tourist clusters are considered. The developed countries’ attitude to the process of formation of clustered structures is studied and tourist clusters for regions of Ukraine and their functional significance is analysed.

Taking into account negative factors, that lead to destructive consequences of the operation of the clusters, will create positive prerequisites for their reproduction and the creation of new tourist cluster structures in Ukraine.



Ňhe phenomenon of religious communication by optics of the general theory of communication

Aristova A.V.

This paper on the basis of the integrated and interdisciplinary approaches identifies and classifies main features of the religious communication, and also the vectors of its transformation at the present time. The author reveals the content of the communicative-transmitting function of religion, its latest manifestations and contradictory effects. Heuristic possibilities of conceptual and methodological apparatus of the general theory of communication were shown for the religious studies.

The object of the study – religious communication, communicative function of the religion.

The purpose of the study – definition of the specificity of religious communication and communicative-transmitting function of religion within conceptual and methodological context of the general theory of communication.

Methods of research are systematic approach, interdisciplinary approach, structural-functional analysis, comparative analysis.

On the basis of interdisciplinary approach and the basic principles of the general theory of communication, the author analyzes the specifics of religious communication (totality, horizontal and vertical directions, asymmetry, sacred communication space, mostly symbolic character, development of the special communicative strategies etń.); reveals the content of communicative function of religion. In the historical dimension the communicative function of religion acts as the ability of religion to save, collect, consolidate and transmit ideological and valuable amounts of information to future generations, to provide connection-communication among different historical epochs, continents, cultural and nations.

The author determines the main directions of transformation of religious communication at the modern time: technologization, mediazation, virtualization, desacralization of the religious language, secularization of the vertical communication etń. The contradictory influence of such phenomena on the modern religious-communicative space was shown, particularly on the process of erosion of the religious-communicative systems’ identity.

The results of the article can be used in religiological research, communication theory, management theory, in practical sphere of religious studies, social engineering, as well as in the educational process for training in these fields.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – further development of interdisciplinary religion studies, comprehensive exploration of the forms, ways and consequences of religious impacts on the society. 



Competence approach to designing of results of educational activity of students of vocational education

Bakhtiiarova Kh.Sh., Savostin-Kosiak D.O.

The present article addresses up-to-date issues of conceiving the educational training for graduating engineers-teachers. It also covers the importance and peculiarities of competencies modeling, the competent approach towards vocational training for graduating teachers of professional (engineering) disciplines at higher educational establishments.

Keywords: competence, state of competence, competent approach, vocational training for engineers-teachers, pattern of vocational training for graduating engineers-teachers at the National transport University.


Perfection of motivational mechanisms in system of management of organizations

Bondar N.M., Serhiienko T.V.

The article explain  the modern methods of motivation of, conducts the estimation of the existent systems of motivation of labour. Brought the results over of psychological researches with the purpose of determination of method of motivation of the results relatively expected by a worker from activity on an enterprise. Analyzed efficiency of operating on a home market mechanisms of motivation of labour. Introduced in practice of national motivational politics  mechanism of motivation business hours and offered increase of its efficiency.

The object of study – the methods of motivation.

Purpose – analysis of influencing of motivation to increase the level of labor productivity, analysis of existing methods of motivation.

The method of research - monographic.

For effective functioning of any company important right choice of the mechanism of motivation. The main components of motivational mechanism in the management of company are:
improving the system of wages, providing opportunities for employees to participate in the profits of company, improving work organization, that includes setting goals, expanding of labor functions, enriching work, production rotation, using of flexible schedules, improving working conditions. Development of an effective motivational mechanism is of strategic importance for organizations.



Pedagogical aspects of training future professionals of tourism industry

Hryshchuk O.K., Tsypko V.V.

The paper identified educational effectiveness of the pedagogical vector in the training of future professionals of the tourism industry and analyzed the role of sectoral pedagogy - pedagogy of tourism in the tourism education.

The object of research- the process of preparation of specialists of tourism industry.

Purpose - theoretical ground space branch of pedagogy in the training of future professionals of the tourism industry.

Research methods - descriptive and analytical, comparative analysis, system analysis.

In the article the author examines the theoretical benefits and feasibility of practical pedagogical aspects in the training of future professionals of the tourism industry, justifying the importance of tourism and its educational and pedagogical components. In this context, for training tourism industry weighty importance in the development and implementation of the educational process of university branch pedagogy - pedagogy tourism as an integrated system. Priority tourism pedagogy as a science is the disclosure laws in the field of education means tourism, tourism education and training, and educational administration and educational system.

The results of the article can be used in teaching university students in the areas of «Tourism» and «Turyzmoznavstvo» and in pedagogical universities to study pedagogy branch.

Projected assumptions about the object of study - the development and testing of pedagogical vector tourism education to training for the tourism industry to meet modern international requirements of employers.



Media education as a productive factor of development of higher education in Ukraine

Dobronosova Yu. D.

This paper identifies the media education as an important direction of modern higher education in Ukraine and a productive factor of its development,  discoveries prospects of uninstrumental understanding of the new digital media in university media education.

The object of the study the formation of media education in Ukraine.

The purpose of the study – the analysis of the formation of media education in Ukraine and prospects of its development in higher education in the context of media education reforms.

Methods of research – retrospective and prospective analysis of the media culture and models of media education, critical discourse analysis, methods of socio-cultural hermeneutics.

On the basis of analyzing the characteristic trends in the Ukrainian media education experiments, successful experience of Ukrainian  schools of media education and media theory, author highlights productive ideas of different national media education models and identifies valuable achievements and factors of  the formation of the university media education. Mass-media and new digital media is presented as a creative resource of  modern media culture, the implantation of school and university media education is described as a main factor of the education reforms as a media education reforms. The article brings forth two main theses: firstly, the uninstrumental understanding of the new digital media and philosophical meaning of mediaexperience and mediality as manifestations of existential specific human being  are a basis of modern definition  of  media education; secondly,  modern media studies are an important part of university’s philosophical education of professionals in transport branch. The formation of media literacy and development of the media competence and critical thinking of university’s students and professors are presented as a task of media education reforms.

The results of research can be used in media philosophical research of new media, national university media education, by public authorities, academic and educational institutions in the development of the national education system and media education in the modern technical universities.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – the search the ways of development of media education and interdisciplinary researches of media in Ukrainian technical universities.



Control, monitoring and diagnostics as preconditions for controlling

Zayats O.V.

The article shows the evolution of scientific approaches of control, monitoring, controlling for diagnosis and analysis of contemporary developments in the field of application of controlling in the workplace.

The object of study - the formation of the system of controlling at the enterprises.

Purpose - to determine academic prerequisites switch control, monitoring and diagnostics at a higher level and create a system of controlling.

Research methods - theoretical and methodological basis of the study were research documents of  domestic and foreign scholars and experts in controlling.

Level tasking to systems monitoring, diagnostics and control of enterprises primarily determines their tactics and strategy, making them appropriate for certain management structures. Therefore, to state that controlling is a new phenomenon in the economic world would be incorrect because the content, forms and methods of optimal control comply with business activities in terms of developed market economy, and therefore includes all necessary components of diagnostics and monitoring sufficient to achieve their goals.

Controlling, as opposite to the control, monitoring and diagnostics, of businesses is more focused on the future, while controlling performs certain administrative functions. Thus, the system controlling attention in controlling, monitoring and diagnosis shifted from simple recording of past facts towards prospective, anticipatory monitoring the possible consequences of various possible situations. With a sharp increase in the importance of sound management decisions, strengthening the responsibility of managers Enterprise Controlling is a tool that enables enterprises to not only survive in conditions of market crisis, but also to achieve accelerated development.

The results of the article may be introduced in the management of domestic enterprises.

Forecasts assumptions about the development of the object of study - is to form a system of information support management decisions designed to ensure the prevention of emergencies at the facility.



Features of remuneration for transport companies

Klimenko I.S., Kyrychenko A.V., Komarevich K.V.

In the article you can see the features of paying for transport enterprises and the attention is to the organization, regulation, major problems and optimizing their decision of the paying system at domestic enterprises, including vehicles.

Object of study - the wage system in enterprises.

Purpose of study - to determine the organization and regulation of wages, to identify adverse trends, issues of wages in Ukraine and ways to overcome them.

Research methods - methods of evaluation, analysis and synthesis.

Wages as an indicator directly dependent on the efficiency, productivity and competitiveness of products is not only an indicator that determines the overall standard of living of workers, but also play an important factor of social production.

Introduction of advanced forms and systems of wages leads to action tendencies to increase labor efficiency, increase real wages. In particular, the catalytic role of collective forms of remuneration. The most common form of wages in foreign firms is a system of participation in profits.

The way how to correctly chosen and fairly organized system of remuneration depends substantially productivity, and hence the financial performance of transport in general.

The results of the article could be used to improve the mechanism of remuneration that becomes a necessity and an active lever in the future.



Transit potential of Ukraine:  modern situation and prospects of development

Komchatnykh O.V., Redko N.A.

The article examines the current state of Ukraine’s transit potential. Problems and  perspectives  of  the  development  of  transport  infrastructure  and  transit attractiveness of country.

Object of the study – transit potential of Ukraine.

Purpose of the study – analysis of the development of transit potential and identification of ways to improve it.

Method of the study – analysis and synthesis, system approach.

Ensuring the development of transit potential is an important factor in the economic growth of the country. The current situation of Ukrainian transport system does not correspond to European level.  Analyzed in this article barriers to development of the Ukrainian transit potential, which leads to a reduction in the volume of transit through the territory of Ukraine. Defined the role of balanced state policy for the integration of national transport system into the world’s.



Philosophy and economic science

Syniakov S.V., Yurchenko E.A.

This article analyzes the issue of socio-cultural conditioning of science, philosophical and ideological conditions of economic knowledge, the conceptual bases of economic theories are examined.  The convergence of philosophy and economic knowledge means creating the bridge on both sides, from the economic science and from philosophy, and thus entails correlative changes in the interpretation of general educational program. For example, political economy is closely linked with such key concepts of human society as good and evil, justice and injustice, equality and inequality. From its part, the philosophy has to do with understanding and interpretation of economic goals and, where there are goals of people, the values are certainly present. Therefore, by the same definition, political economy is riddled with ethical beginning, the study of economic activity can not avoid a moral dimension. This is all the more necessary given that economic interests are often identified with self-seeking interests, and morality - with generosity. Therefore, philosophical and epistemological analysis of value-worldview  knowledge should continue to focus on clarifying its place and importance in various stages of research, as well as way of penetration and forms of the presence in the content of knowledge. The above trend analysis of scientific knowledge is particularly fruitfully applied in social and economic sciences because it allows a fresh look at the structure and organization of scientific research, it opens new avenues and opportunities to explore regulatives and incentives of academic studies of scientist, conditions of choice and the benefits of theoretical and methodological tools of  knowledge, scientific work. Such approach allows you to set specific communication channels between economic science and cultural environment, different areas of spiritual culture, social consciousness, in which this approach finds its ideological orientation and studies the subject.



Characteristics models of financial relations in the tax fiscal

Teslyuk N.P., Vovnenko Yu.V.

The article analyzes four types of financial models how to distribute GDP in terms of fiscal percent. The prices of certain goods and services are investigated and the average salary by countries is compared.

The object of the research is world financial models and their fiscal percent.

The purpose of the research is to study the impact of the fiscal burden on the economic development of a country.

Research methods are methods of economic, system and comparative analyses.

The article examines the rate of fiscal percent of GDP for four types of financial models, including the "Asian tigers", "the Arab League", the European Union and Scandinavian countries, the United States. After some investigation it was determined that the Ukrainian economy first needed to reduce fiscal percent of GDP. Today it accounts for 48%. The experience of the analyzed countries shows that such a burden does not allow business to develop freely in the country.

KEYWORDS: financial model, structure of GDP, fiscal percentage, GDP by PPP, economic growth rate.


Evolution of payment solutions in the theory of generations

Teslyuk N.P., Kudinova D.I.

The study aims to determine the prospects for future cash as a payment buyer of goods and services based on the theory HYZ generations.

Object of research is changing payment system with generation XYZ.

Methods - comparative and expert analysis, the dialectical method, methods of economic, historical, logical and systematic analysis and synthesis.

In the financial world where previously the principal and principal in the transaction between the seller and the buyer were a bank in the future will be strong competitors who already offer closed payment eco-system. Famous corporations conduct testing of personal banking services are banking license and will launch its lending platform based on social accounts.

Most modern people are linked directly to e-money and pocket money to their children no longer paper. The world is rapidly developing under their requirements.

In the historical analysis can track the change in payment invention since the 50s.

Generation X prefer "safe" banking. They want to see a specialist to perform the transaction. They are attracted by the procedure of payment. During the long period of time, they went to the banks, communicate with bank officials received documents and signed them. This gave hope to the principle of security. Bank - a first trust that your transaction will be executed. Generation X - is a generation that are critical and fear related to virtual money as an instrument of payments.

By most critical Generation Y Generation X workers of this generation want to get everything at once, they are ambitious and have high expectations salary. The younger generation of workers characterize certain features. First, they are tied to digital technology in the work, and secondly, tend to value their time and interest that does not characterize another generation of workers. It is interesting that they have no fear of losing their jobs. Thirdly, they have a heightened sense of freedom and less attention to formalities.

The study can be seen the link between the change of generations and the banking payment system.

Generation is slowly but steadily moving towards a cashless world. The physical form of money will not go to the past few years, it will last until there is generation X competition between corporations and banks will continue. It is very much in the virtual world. After the global financial crisis that occurred 2007-2008, the new generation no longer has confidence in the banking system. They and other world is changing under their requirements.



Public works as an administrative punishment applicable to special subjects – vehicle drivers

Yarovaya R.V., Dmytrychenko-Kuleba H.M.

The purpose – to explore the features and the characteristics of such administrative punishment as public works and especially their application to drivers of vehicles for offences against the road safety.

It has been stated that the public works as a form of administrative punishment is scantily explored in the science of administrative law. Currently, the public works as a kind of administrative punishment is applied to vehicle drivers only for offences stipulated by piece 7, article 121, article 122-4 of the Codex of administrative offences of Ukraine. This is because public works is considered to be an inefficient administrative punishment.

It has been proved that public works as a form of administrative punishment, which is applied to vehicle drivers, is undervalued. Public works when properly applied to drivers-violators may be an effective administrative charge.

The necessity of the legal establishment of the administrative punishment replacement institute – replacement administrative fine on public works has been justified.



Development of conceptual model of the formation of strategic partnerships road transport enterprises

Grysjuk Y.S., Labuta A.V.

The paper developed a conceptual model of strategic partnerships road transport enterprises.

Object of study - the strategic partnership in transport sector development projects.

Purpose - to build a conceptual model of strategic partnerships road transport enterprises.

Research methods - theory analysis, economic modeling.

The ability to perform rolling transportation of passengers in the given amount and at a safe level possible provided that its technical condition certain standards and parameters that can be achieved only when all of the maintenance and repair in accordance with the standards. For these purposes related to support vehicles in working condition and a reasonable level of their maintenance and repair becomes necessary establishment and modernization of facilities maintenance service at the large enterprises of road transport for own rolling stock maintenance and vehicle parks carriers by enterprises projects partnerships road transport enterprises. That there is a need to develop a conceptual model, which enables you to comprehensively analyze the production facilities of road transport that will define enterprise leaders, which in turn will enable a thorough approach to the formation of strategic partnerships in the area of maintenance and current repair vehicle parks business car transport.

The results of the article can be used to form strategic partnerships road transport enterprises.

Projected assumptions about the object of study - the use of a conceptual model for the formation of partnerships, companies in other industries.