Вісник Національного транспортного університету. В 2-х частинах. Ч. 1. - К.: НТУ, 2012. - Випуск 26. - 620 с.

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Managing educational process of future engineers, teachers in higher vocational school (vision Training Management)

Bakhtiarova H.SH.

The paper explores one of the pressing problems in teaching management theory educational process in higher education, the levels and sublevels management educational process in the university engineering pedagogical profile.

In the current economic situation in Ukraine in terms of integration of the Ukrainian economy into the global system, the need for industrial development in the new technical level the quality of training including engineering and pedagogical profile becomes particularly relevant. The increasing role of the engineer-teacher caused modern challenges necessitates the modernization of vocational education in high school, makes modernized Graduation Requirements Engineering Pedagogical University XXI century. This, in turn, gives to the universities the problem of training a competitive market specialist intellectual labor – engineers, teachers, armed with not only the required set of professional knowledge, but also prepared to work in a changing environment.

Modernization of Vocational Education has identified the need for significant changes in a number of conventional approaches to training system based on a high level of skill, professionalism, social position, high morality as essential factors of professional stability in the new socio-economic conditions.


On the design of training courses training teachers colleges (vision competentive approach)

Bakhtiarov H.SH., Khmelevsky M.O.

The aim of the article is to analyze the design content teachers training colleges and technical schools, problems in this area of activity, the formation and justification of proposals on methods, forms and basic principles of improving the work of the professional development of teachers.

The article demonstrated the presence of significant problems in organizing training teachers colleges, first proposed to consider training as developing teaching competence in a systematic increase in specific competencies. The structure and composition of these competencies, their characteristics, proposed approaches to ensure the effectiveness of the training of teachers.


First-Year Students’ Adjustment to University Learning Activity

Bilyakovych M.O., Gryshchuk O.K., Filipova G.A.

The article offers criteria and methods for evaluating first-year students’ adjustment to university learning activity; it determines students’ categories àññîrding to the relationship among selected variables.

The object of study – variables of first- year university students’ academic achievements.

The purpose of study – determination of first-year students’ academic adjustment level.

Methodology – statistical analysis.

First-year students’ academic adjustment could be evaluated by comparing results in external independent test certificates submitted to the University’s Admissions Commission with academic achievements of the first examination session and Rector’s tests held in spring semester in general subjects. Mathematics or higher mathematics is the chief subject for many specializations of National Transport University

Although the results used for comparison have been achieved in different ways and have been evaluated using different estimation scales, all of them show the level of the subject acquisition as well as the level of working knowledge of the subject at the time of the results receipt.  Three academic achievement levels: high, sufficient and satisfactory with relevant comparison variables have been examined.

There has been developed a method that allows to divide full-time first-year students of each specialization, faculty and the whole University (in percentage of the students whose adjustment has been investigated) according to the relationship among the selected variables of academic achievements into 9 categories and based on this division into two groups: adjusted (permanently adjusted, slowly adjusted and inconsistently adjusted) and non adjusted. Students who received an unsatisfactory grade for Rector’s test are in non adjusted students’ group irrespective of the relationship between their external independent test and winter examination session results. Therefore it is academic achievements of those students who obtained positive grades that are compared.

It has been determined that 80 % of NTU students who have been under research have adjusted to university learning activity.


Use of Open MPI technology in the studying process

Gavrilenko V.V., Obshta A.F., Galkin O.A., Kovalchuk O.P.

In this paper the specification of a library project Open MPI is presented, which aims to use the best ideas and technologies of the specific projects, as well as creating a single class of MPI implementation with open source.

Object of study – Open MPI as a parallel programming technology.

Purpose – Analysis of the Open MPI technology in developing Information and Computing Portal.

Method study – Specification of Open MPI technology as a tool to create software applications.

A description of a system of the automatic control of the correctness of Open MPI-programs is given, the implementation of which will be at the Department of Information Systems and Technology of National Transport University. Due to its architecture – the division of work to identify logic errors between varying number of servers analyzers and official flows on computing nodes, the system has potentially unlimited scalability. Developing system will be used to launch intensive numerical calculations on high performance computing resources for scientific purposes and in the studying process.

The results of the paper can be used for the resource with a variety of software platforms.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – use of Open MPI technology in the startup of the  intensive numerical calculations on high performance computing resources for research purposes and in the study process.


The Conceptual Bases îf the Quality Management îf the Higher Education in a Context of the Professional Training’s Fundamentalization

Dmitrichenko M.F., Yazvinska O.M.

In this article the essence of methodological principles of quality management of higher education in a context of the fundamentalization of the professional training in higher educational institutions is considered. It is defined that the most effective are system and process principles at the present stage for construction of control systems by quality.


Work for students as an opportunity for learning and experience

Iemeliantseva D.I., Stoyanova Y.R., Omeljan M.V.

The paper proposed to change the methodology of the International Labor Organization and the State Statistics Committee on the definition of full-time students like the non-labor force, and determined the main student’s problems in finding employment.

Purpose – to determine the number of students, who are economically active(labor force), to outline the challenges faced by students in job searching, to propose solutions to these problems.

To clarify the realities of the labor market for students, there was a sociological description of full-time students in the National Transport University in November-December 012. 445 students were responded to the questionnaire.

Determined that over 85% of full-time students looking for a job, and more than half of them have found it. The reasons for the need of employment were financial problems, it is not seen as a way to gain experience for future work. More than 50% of the students have worked at least once in life. The largest percentage of students worked in sales and in transport sphere. In most cases this was informal employment. Over 90% of respondents want to change jobs after studying.

Our results indicate that students are economically active population(part of labor force), but there are a lot of problem, that young people cannot solve. The government should pay attention to these problems. Provide students with normal work in their free time will be able to improve the economic situation of many people.


Educational system on the verge of a new paradigm

Petunin A.V.

The article says about the issues of concern to deploy education system at present and in the long term.

Object of study – the current state of the education system.

Purpose – to establish the full extent it implements the functions of education at the present stage of social development, to find out the factors of influence on modern education system and identify key principles that must be followed to bring education to the next level.

The methods of study – analysis and synthesis, analogies and comparisons, systematic approach.

The essence of education as a fundamental principle of identity formation. The need to maintain a productive balance between the development of educational practices his own I and the adaptation of the human social environment. Specified characteristics of the "ideal" of the university as a front-line education system. Justified inefficiencies of traditional storage-reproductive system of education, and the use of disciplinary measures to encourage students to assimilate knowledge. Investigated, what changes did the education system at the present stage and the basic causes and global trends as factors of influence on the education system. Also focused on the estrangement of the complex knowledge and such that will have direct application in professional activities. Stated that at this stage there is a disproportion between supply and demand in the labor market, which reduces the efficiency of investment in education. Necessary system in training, to offer a broader consideration of use of problematic situations during the occupation, which will contribute to a fully developed personality.


The Research of the Interdisciplinary Integration in the Scientific Literature as a Major Method of the Professional Training’s Fundamentalization

Horoshun B., Yazvinska Î., Glushenok N.

In this article the interdisciplinary integration as an innovative method of the professional training’s fundamentalization in the scientific literature is analyzed.


Model justification strategy repairs bridges

Bodnar L.P., Kanin A.P., Halay T.A.

The paper addresses the problem of optimizing the long-term strategies repairs highway bridges on a network level.

Object of research – a method of optimization strategies repairs bridges.

The purpose of developing – to create optimization model and a computer program to minimize the cost of repairs based on genetic algorithm.

The method of investigation – systems analysis and computer numerical experiment.

An approach to optimize long-term strategies for maintenance and repairs of bridges based on Analytical expert control system bridges using a specially designed genetic algorithm for finding the optimal values of controlled variables – possible repair and restoration measures. Determined objective function and constraints model discussed specifics of the proposed genetic algorithm.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – to investigate the performance cost of maintenance, the current small, medium current and capital repairs, reduced to 1 m2 of the bridge. You also need to solve the problem of justification of long-term strategy maintenance and repair of bridges based on the model of degradation of their elements with the uncertainty.


Analysis of existing temperature prediction models in non-rigid pavements

Gamelyak I., Voloshchuk D.

Existing models of temperature calculation and prediction in non-rigid road constructions and constructions with non-rigid layers, which based on actual environment temperature data is discussed in article.

It is presented and analyzed the world major calculation and prediction models of pavement temperature, such as Haivorons'kyi model, BELLS, SUPERPAVE and SHRP program. Each model focuses on a specific outcome, hence the nature of the source data – statistical or factual. Actual data obtained experimentally, and statistics given in the normative literature, using here for comparison.

The results of the article can be used for further research of heat transfer processes in non-rigid pavements and its effect on the rigidity and load carrying capacity of pavements.

The object of study – the processes of heat transfer in non-rigid pavement.


On placement of stitches in the cobbled roads

Hamelyak IP, Karafizi L.M.

The paper analyzes the effect of geometrical sizes of paving stones on the consumption aggregate and sand material properties required stitches.

Purpose of the work – change length of stitches and volume (expense) aggregate depending on the shape and geometrical dimensions of the paving and analyze the optimal composition of sandy material to fill the seams.

Considered a form of paving stones (triangular, square, rectangular and hexagonal) The correlation length of stitches in finding coverage of data elements pavage the length of its edges and area of the front surface. Found more appropriate to use hexagonal stones, because the length of joints is minimal (less need for fillers) and achieved ligation joints in different directions.

Considered that grain size of sand to fill the joints used in Concrete Manufacturers Association. Also the composition of the sand that was used in the reconstruction of NSC "Olympic", which allowed to improve technology coverings.

However, need to define the characteristics of more sand aggregates for their use in specific conditions.


Formation of organizational and technical mechanisms to ensure efficiency in projects to improve  repair of road construction equipment

Godovanyuk P.D.

The paper describes the design and implementation of organizational and technical mechanisms to ensure efficiency in projects to improve repair of road construction machinery, providing new formulation of optimization problems and the choice of effective methods to solve them in a production environment performance, and provides for the following components: direction interaction subjects' objects and limit their cooperative activities, forms, principles and methods of interaction, the legal norms of relations, management functions, organizational and functional structures that develop and implement projects to improve proper use and maintenance of RCE.


Hydrophobic additives - modifiers cement concrete pavement

Doroshenko Y.M., Doroshenko A., Lyubeznyy V.A.

The article deals with the properties of concrete pavement with effective hydrophobic additives. Found that the addition ÀÄÅ-3 increases frost resistance by 20%, water resistance – in with the times, the strength of the blow – by 30%, àbrasion – by 58%. Also rising crack (R0m at 20-30%; Rvm 12-40%). Raising the upper limit of crack formation can predict high endurance and durability of cement concrete pavement under multiple prykladuvanyh loads of different magnitude and sign.


Optimizing programs repair pavement roads

Ignatyuk V.

The paper deals with the problem of bringing the pavement to the required level for a number of years.

Object of research – program optimization treatment of road.

Purpose – to formulate the optimization problem for the program of road repair work to achieve a given condition of pavement on the road network for a specified number of years.

Research method  – multidimensional discrete optimization problems.

For multiobjective optimization software repairs were offered the following methods: targeted programming method, weighted sums method, method based on fuzzy sets, genetic algorithms, the method of ε-constraints. The paper considers the problem of solving optimization program of road repair work to achieve a given condition of pavement on the road network for a specified number of years as a multidimensional problem of discrete optimization.

Expected assumptions about the object of study – apply a simulation model with simulated random events and values of method Monte Carlo and optimization based on genetic algorithms.


Methods of preparation and test results of bitumen modified with polymers using laboratory shovel mixer

Mozgovyi V.V., Onishchenko À.I., Axenov S.Y., Garkusha I.V., Nevinglovskiy V.F., Riznichenko Î.S.

The paper suggests a method of preparation and test results of bitumen modified with polymers using laboratory shovel mixer.

Subject of the research is bitumen modified with polymer.

Objective of the paper is to develop methodology for preparation of bitumen modified with polymers using laboratory shovel mixer to match its composition and to install requirements for mixing process.

Method of research is statistical analysis of homogeneousness of bitumen modified with polymer

An important stage in the process of preparation of modified bitumen is selection of its composition and test on effectiveness of various polymers. Therefore, shovel mixers are widely spread, both in industrial and in lab premises for efficient mixing of bitumen with polymers. The method allows to determine the time of completion of modifications in various process parameters (temperature, mixing speed and modifier content) to complete stabilization process and homogenization of bituminous binder.

Research results reflected in the paper showed that the optimal time of modification of bituminous binder, which will include stabilizing process and homogenization, i.e. binder achieves necessary level of homogeneity latex Butonal NS198 is about 3 hours.


The theoretical basis for the importance of contracts on the basis of public-private partnership in road building

Sokolovà N.I, Kharchenko K.G.

In this article an approach to the implementation of contracts on the basis of public-private partnerships and the conclusions regarding the importance of contracts.

The main problem is the lack of road sector financing. To attract the private sector in Ukraine today, not enough current economic, organizational and legal mechanism that would ensure their interest. In recent years international experience associated with road construction, are increasingly common as a new concept of "contract". The main objective of the contract is to eliminate such economic contradictions: will ensure economic growth while reducing government spending, while public functions will be performed at a higher level without compromising social and economic stability.

The results of the article may be implementing in road construction in the preparation of the contract for the work.

Estimated assumptions about the object of study – the search for optimal allocation of responsibilities between the customer and the contractor to achieve high results.


Features of the contract system in the road industry

Sokolova N., Shkarivska N.

The article examines world experience in the implementation of contracts in road construction that motivate business to provide quality services in the field of road construction, including repair and maintenance throughout the life cycle of infrastructure transport projects while optimizing risks and allocating financial obligations throughout the contract period.


The simulation model of risk assessment in project management of highways

Tatus V.V.

The paper addresses the problem of risk management road’s projects.

Object of research – a method of risk assessment of construction projects, reconstruction and repair of  roads.

The purpose of developing a simulation model and a computer program risk assessment project roads.

Research method – system analysis, simulation and computer numerical experiment.

The current state of the theory of risk management in project management has been considered. Identified four types of risk response strategies: avoid, transfer, mitigate and accept. The singularities of the application of these strategies to minimize the negative impact of risks. We show how to take into account the increased cost of operation by increasing its duration. Present input data required for risk modeling, and simulation results for an illustrative example.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – apply a simulation model with simulated random events and values ËËof Monte Carlo and optimization based on genetic algorithms.


By the use of expert system design annual program of work in road-repair organizations

Kharchenko A.N.

The article highlights the issues improving the current practice of annual development program of road repairs by using an expert system design (ESPR). The proposed ESPR is based on the use of existing in the field of information and software, as well as experience and knowledge of experts of road complex.

The object of study – the annual work program of road-repair organizations.

Purpose – the disclosure approach to the practical application of expert system design annual program of road repairs.

Methods – uses the principles of system analysis, methods of mathematical modeling and statistical processing and analysis, methods of management decisions.

The result of this research is to develop a model for the estimation of operational condition of roads, which offered five possible operating states of the element and road condition rating based on dimensionless scale. Also, it was established boundaries of damage those proposed operating condition.

The studies were the basis of established expert system design annual program of road repairs (ESPR) which is intended for use by State Roads Agency of Ukraine in substantiation of annual work plans for the repair and maintenance of roads.


Study characteristics of traffic flows

Khomyak A.

Today we can observe a sharp increase of intensity, velocity of travel, load and congestion of roads.

Based on experimental researches conducted in 011-012 years of field research  country roads’ segment near Kyiv: road Kyiv – Boryspol (four lanes in one direction), Kyiv – Dnepropetrovsk (two lanes in one direction), Kyiv – Odessa (two lanes in one direction) and compared the results with earlier studies, traced the dynamics of changes of the basic characteristics of traffic flows in time. Analysis of transport-road performance of roads is conducted.

In paper is showed dependence  on distribution of traffic across the width of the roadway, the relationship between speed and traffic is proved. The results of research will be used in the justification of models describing the interaction of the main characteristics of traffic flows.


Assessment of quality of cars based on the refusing of their owners from maintenance

Bereznyatsky V.V.

During the warranty period, a significant part of car owners refuses of perform routine maintenance and loses their right of free removal guarantee faults.

In this case, observed pattern: than the reliable car, the more the owners refuses routine maintenance at earlier stage.

In this regard, the expectation of the period at which the client refuses the services can serve subjective parameter for evaluating performance of the car


Manoeuvrability of lorry convoy with an universal semitrailer

Bosenko V.M., Gumenyuk P.O., Marchuk R.M.

In the article the questions of manoeuvrability of lorry convoy are considered with an universal semitrailer. It is set that  at speed 3 m/s a lorry convoy with an out of control semitrailer dissatisfies the requirements of DIRECTIVE 002/7/EC, while lorry convoy with a management a semitrailer by braking of wheels of one side  and due to the  self-adjusting wheels of back ax of semitrailer it is satisfied these requirements. Thus transversal speed and transversal acceleration of centre of mass semitrailer at included of lorry convoy in a turn at speed 3 m/s for all of lorry convoys almost identical. However at the increase of rate of movement of lorry convoy  to 15 m/s is sharply increased accelerations of semitrailer (the accelerations of car-tractor for all of charts of lorry convoys do not exceed 4,25 ì/ñ 2 , that motion of tractor is steady),  which though a few less than for a lorry convoy with a management a semitrailer by braking of wheels of one side by comparison to a lorry convoy with the self-adjusting  wheels of back ax of semitrailer, however large maximally possible.

A research object is indexes of manoeuvrability of lorry convoy at the different charts of management a semitrailer.

A purpose of researches is a comparative estimation of manoeuvrability lorry convoy at a management a semitrailer both due to the self-adjusting wheels of back ax and by braking of wheels of one side.

Method of researches – analytical.

The questions of manoeuvrability of lorry convoy are considered for two calculation charts – flat (equalization of the flat motion of lorry convoy) and spatial (equalization of lorry convoy is in horizontal and transversal planes). It is set the conducted calculations, that at speed 10 m/ss the angles of roll of  mass of semitrailer are almost identical for all of lorry convoys.  The heel  of basket  and lateral acceleration of centre of mass car-tractor and semitrailer cause the change of radius of turn of separate links and overall bar of motion of lorry convoy. So, for a lorry convoy with an out of control semitrailer overall bar of motion taking into account the heel of basket at speed 10 m/s at included in a turn increased on 7,9%, for a lorry convoy with a management a semitrailer by braking of wheels of one side – on 9,6%, for a lorry convoy with the self-adjusting  wheels of back ax of semitrailer – on 6,8%. Thus all lorry convoy possess  an understeer which can serve as the mortgage of their stability of motion.

Can be drawn on the results of the article at a typeselection semitrailer for acquisition of lorry convoy.



Anatoly Hovoroon, Maxym Pavlovsky, Olexandr Kotelenec

The article goes over the ways of improvement of the ecological properties of automobiles with the modern diesels, that are in exploitation by means of gradual transfer from supplying diesels with regular fuel to supplying with the alternative types of fuels.

The aim of research is broadening of the fuel base of automobile transport while using the alternative types of fuels.

The object of research – the influence of mixed biodiesel fuels on fuel-economy, ecologic and energetic properties of the automobile with engine.

Methods of research – experimental.

The optimization of physical and chemical features of mixed biodiesel fuels is one of the effective ways of reducing the toxicity of exhausted gas and improvement of fuel economy. This can be reached by providing the necessary physical and chemical features of mixed biodiesel fuels as well as by narrowing their limits of verification in other words by adaptation of these fuels to the diesels that are in exploitation.

Consequently the optimization of physical and chemical features of mixed biodiesel fuels allows to improve the efficiency of its use in modern diesels and to reduce the emissions of harmful substances with the exhausted gas.

The results of the article may be used as the recommendations while preparing and using the mixed biodiesel fuels for the automobile transport.


Method of choice of structural parameters of the system «engine-transmission» busses of small class.

Gryshchuk O.K., Ruban D.P.

The technique of the constructional parameters choice of the «engine-transmission» system of the urban small class buses, based on the comparative estimation of the tractive and speed properties and fuel efficiency parameters as well as harmful substances emissions of busses in urban driving cycle, has been developed.

Object of study – the parameters of tractive and speed properties, economy of fuel and the ecological parameters of small class buses by a rational choice of the parameters of the «engine-transmission» system.

Purpose – with the help of the developed technique the rational variants of the «engine-transmission» system of the bus have been chosen, on which the supercharged and unsupercharged diesel engines are set up.

Metod study – calculation.

The article covers the problem of improving the parameters of tractive and speed properties, economy of fuel and the ecological parameters of small class buses by a rational choice of the parameters of the «engine-transmission» system. The technique of the constructional parameters choice of the «engine-transmission» system of the urban small class buses, based on the comparative estimation of the tractive and speed properties and fuel efficiency parameters as well as harmful substances emissions of busses in urban driving cycle, has been developed. The mathematical model of the bus movement in urban driving cycle modes has been specified, that make it possible to investigate the influence of features of the fuel cycle supply change of supercharged and unsupercharged diesel engine as well as the transfer numbers of speed gearboxes and main transfer on the following parameters: tractive and speed properties, economy of fuel and bus harmful substances emissions on urban routes.

The results of the article can be inculcated at planning of new busses of small class.

Prognosis suppositions in relation to development of research object are an improvement of indexes: hauling-speed properties, fuel economy and ecological indexes of busses of small class, by the rational choice of parameters of the system «engine-transmission».


By the choice of heat storage materials heat storage saving thermal state engine

Gutarevich Y.F., Alexandrov V.D Gritsuk I.V,
Postnikov V.A., Dobrovolsky A.S., AdrovD.S.

In the article the prospect of using the heat accumulators based on the type of phase transformations of melting and crystallization heat storage materials for the purpose of preheating, start-up and rapid warming after starting engines; the review of perspective heat storage materials.

Object of study – thermal storage materials used for applications in thermal batteries for preheating combustion engines.

Purpose – definition, summarizing the available information, and the development methodology of choice heat storage materials and can be used in thermal batteries phase transition for preheating, start-up and rapid warming after starting.

Method study – analysis of experimentally determined properties heat storage materials for use in thermal batteries phase transition at a warm-up.

During operation of internal combustion engines, especially at low temperatures, the problem of trouble-free start-up and prior to preheating of the load, due to a violation of their normal thermal balance. Efficient use of internal combustion engines depends significantly on the time required to support operations. These include pre-start preparation of the internal combustion engine that includes a range of measures in place to ensure trouble-free, and start the engine and accelerated training him to accept the load. Eliminate the above problems by introducing appropriate to carry thermal storage technology in pre-launch preparation process engine. This article gives an overview of promising thermal storage materials for thermal batteries phase transition engines.

The results of the article can be introduced into the design of heat engines battery in performing their fast preheating and heating after start up.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – search heat storage material for an appropriate design of the thermal battery for optimal pre-start warming up the engine.


Calculations effect of exhaust gas recirculation on formation of nitrogen oxides in the application of the combined method of power control of modern gasoline engine

Gutarevich Y.F.

The article shows the effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on the formation of nitrogen oxides in the application of the combined method of power control (CMPC).

Object of study – the petrol engine 6CH 9.5 / 6.98 with CMPC and EGR.

Purpose – to determine the effect of EGR on the formation of nitrogen oxides in modern gasoline engines with CMPC.

The results of calculation of equilibrium and non-equilibrium concentration of nitrogen oxides in the combustion process in the engine 6CH 9.5/6.98 when applying EGR with CMPC at operation , , and the coefficient of exhaust gas recirculation . The calculation was performed for the bimolecular mechanism of nitrogen oxide

According to the results of the calculation of the maximum equilibrium concentration of nitrogen oxides are working with EGR 021p.p.m., without EGR 242p.p.m.. The maximum non-equilibrium concentration of nitrogen oxides in the application form EGR 159 p.p.m. and without the use of EGR 289p.p.m.. These maximum values ËËof equilibrium and non-equilibrium concentration of nitrogen oxides correspond to the maximum values ËËof the temperature in the cylinder, which is confirmed by the conventional theory of the formation of thermal NOx.

The calculated equilibrium concentrations of nitrogen oxides are close to the concentrations of nitrogen oxides obtained during the pilot testing of the engine (when using EGR = 200 p.p.m., without EGR = 090p.p.m.).

Our calculations show that more accurate data to quantify the formation of nitrogen oxides are obtained by calculating the equilibrium concentration of nitrogen oxides by bimolecular mechanism.

Thus, the results of calculations of the formation of equilibrium and non-equilibrium concentration of nitrogen oxides by bimolecular mechanism confirmed the effectiveness of the EGR, as a method of reducing the concentration of nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas with the engine application CMPC.


Comparison of dynamic characteristics and fuel economy of the vehicle on petrol and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)

Hutarevych Y.F., Manko I.V.

The article contains description of throttle the car on petrol and LPG obtained experimentally.

Object of research – the impact of fuel on the fuel efficiency and dynamic performance car.

The aim – determine and compare the dynamic qualities of the car equipped with spark-ignition engine and modern injection systems of gasoline and LPG at work on both fuels.

It is shown that the transfer car on LPG with the establishment of a modern system of gas injection and ignition timing variator is beneficial not only in terms of the cost of fuel, but also improves the dynamic qualities of the car.


Evaluation of technical and economic characteristics of the process of diagnosing the car to its optimization.

Kosharny N.N., Klymenko I.N.

Effective management of the technical operation of vehicles is dependent on the efficiency of the system for maintenance and repair of vehicles and its subsystems, including diagnostic, technical and economic parameters which, in turn, depend on how their technology and organization are close to optimal.

In papers on the economic efficiency of technical diagnostics to the process, are not considered at the level of the economic characteristics of the individual elements of the troubleshooting process – checks. Therefore advisable to consider in detail the structure of the costs, which add up the cost of implementing a unit test and develop a method for their determination.

Structural analysis of the costs of performing the elementary tests in the diagnosis will greatly simplify the determination of the economic characteristics of the elementary tests. In this case, the value of variable costs (the most difficult part) checks does not change during the transition to other specific conditions and can be used repeatedly for different enterprises, equipped with identical hardware. The constant component of that dependent on the specific conditions in which to conduct diagnosis, can be easily defined and therefore do not limit the use of the developed economic and mathematical model for any transport company.

The developed method of diagnosing a car can be implemented in a vehicle and auto service businesses.


Improving fuel economy of the vehicle by reducing its curb weight

Kosharnyy M.M, Kosharnyy O.M.

The paper considered influence of cars on the curb weight of its fuel efficiency.

The object of study – road funds that are in operation.

Purpose – to identify measures efficiency of vehicles by reducing fuel consumption.

In operating conditions, curb weight is displayed on a number of indicators.

For transportation of excess weight in addition to wasting fuel. For example, the calculations carried out by the cost of fuel to transport the loaded mass of cars of different brands, comparing KrAZ-510 and DAF-700.

These estimates include the time up to one month, or year.

The automotive industry is constantly evolving, all the work on the design of the car, which would allow to optimize the performance of the components, assemblies and systems.

To reduce the curb weight should, above all, carefully consider the layout diagram and mass properties of all components and assemblies, and the extensive use of lightweight high-strength materials.

Our results can be used in the design of cars.


The possibility of calculation determination of indexes of brake properties of the wheeled transport is during certification

Kravchuk P.M.

In the article the analysis of calculation determination of indexes of brake properties of ÊÒÇ is conducted during a certification.Object of study – cross-docking technology, their problems, differences and advantages.

Research object – there is brake efficiency of ÊÒÇ, that is determined by the methods of stand and travelling tests.

Aim of work – is calculation determination of brake efficiency of ÊÒÇ during a certification on the basis of calculation-experimental analysis of process of braking of base model.

In accordance with the current legislation of Ukraine every new member of family must pass a certification, including on brake properties, that requires realization of corresponding tests difficult enough and expensive. In connection with it there is a question: or it is always needed to conduct these tests, or whether it is possible to define a calculation way exactly enough needed for a certification.

Therefore for modification and acquisition of the wheeled transport vehicles calculation mathematical models, that can estimate the size of differences that arise up in the indexes of brake efficiency from a base model, and not conducted each time all complex of tests, were worked out. For this purpose calculation determination of indexes of brake properties of modifications and acquisitions of the wheeled transport vehicles was conducted for a certification on the basis of experimentally-calculation analysis of process of braking of base model.

Maximal divergence of theoretical calculation and experimental data on determination of braking distance does not exceed 8,3%, on determination of a withstand deceleration – 11,5%. It is necessary also to take into account that at the receipt of experimental data the inevitable errors of measuring, conditioned by the error of measuring equipment. Exactness of theoretical calculation data terms and assumptions accepted in a mathematical model affect. The results of experimental tests and analytical calculations gather qualitatively.


Reduction of the negative impact of the fuel pump rail fluctuations on a diesel engine fuel efficiency during unstable operating modes

Kutsy P.V.

The article provides examples of the main types of governors of crankshaft rotation frequency of diesel engines. There is also justified the necessity of using an all-range governor of crankshaft rotation frequency of a diesel while an agricultural machine is performing technological agricultural operations. Herein are also provided some disadvantages of using an all-range governor of crankshaft rotation frequency and the performance of an adjacent all-range governor and a programmed stop governor used to reduce the negative impact of the high pressure fuel pump rail fluctuations on the fuel efficiency of diesels. Also in the article is provided the basic diagram of an all-range governor with adjustment of external and partial characteristics of high pressure fuel pump, the usage of which will reduce the negative impact of the high pressure fuel pump rail fluctuations on the fuel efficiency of a diesel.


Motor stand for measuring pressure in the cylinder gas engine

Lisoval A.A., Nizhnik M.E.

This article describes the features of the gas motor fuels from traditional and alternative sources. The dissertations and publications were analyzed over the past ten years for conversion diesel and patrol engines to gases. Experimental stand with electrical alternator (30 kW, 500 rpm) and equipment for measuring pressure in the cylinder gas engine has been in details described.

Gas motor fuel produced from traditional sources have finite resources. About this, gas fuel obtained from recycled waste or from alternative sources  get extensive using. These fuels include: cocosis gas, coal gas, metallurgical gas, sewage gas, biogas, oiling gas, and others. Among the alternative gaseous fuels, the most common used are motor fuels containing the following combustible components: methane, carbon monoxide. Calorific value depends from mass parts of combustible components in these fuels.

The analysis of the literature showed the need for more research in the application of  alternative gaseous fuels, which will create a universal system automatic regulator and management of a gas piston engine and to provide the energy and environmental performance without significantly changing the basic design.

The goal of the research is the impact to the control parameters on the energy and environmental performance during operation of the gas engine with spark ignition system, the use of gas fuel with different percentages of methane.

Object of research is gas fuel supply system and an advanced ignition system, taking into account the possibility of alternative gaseous fuels.

To achieve the goal of the first phase of the study was developed the concept, which was implemented in the experimental electrical installation by a gasoline engine with spark ignition 6Ch10 8,8 and electric alternator  DGF82-4B.

The base engine was converted to gas. The compression ratio is ε = 8,5. It was developed system for gas fuel and improved ignition system, which takes into account the possibility of alternative gaseous fuels. It was prepared equipment for research of pressure in the cylinder of gas engine.


To the question of management a lorry convoy by braking of wheels of one side of semitrailer of

Marchuk R.N.

In the article considered question of manoeuvrability of lorry convoy with an universal semitrailer. It is set the conducted researches, that exploitation of saddle lorry convoys in the maximum modes of motion (high speeds, minimum radiuses of turn) will demand the structural changes of links of lorry convoy. Efficiency of the use of saddle lorry convoys at transporting to all  containers largely  depends on their ability to be written into the possible bar of motion and not create obstacles for a transport stream. The decision of this problem is possible at the equipment of semitrailers of self-adjusting wheels  or guided wheels. A type selection drive of management a semitrailer is the basic task of manoeuvrability   of lorry convoy.

A research object is manoeuvrability of lorry convoy at a management a semitrailer by braking of wheels of one side.

A purpose of researches is an improvement of manoeuvrability of lorry convoy by braking of wheels of one side of semitrailer.

Method of researches – analytical.

It is set the conducted researches:

– the trajectory of motion of the guided semitrailer by braking of wheels of one side on the unset turn of lorry convoy always consists of two areas, different on the sign of curvature, therefore for the correction of trajectory of light cart it is necessary to change and wheels axes which must be braked;

– direction of lateral force on the light cart of semitrailer as far as included of lorry convoy in a turn changes on opposite;

– additional lateral force on a fore-axle on all of areas of curvilinear trajectory of motion of semitrailer always coincides after direction with lateral force on a light cart, and on a back ax – on included in a turn directed aside,  opposite direction  of lateral force on a light cart;

– additional lateral force on middle wasp on all of areas of trajectory is determined depending on correlation in the corners of withdrawal of wheels  of front and back axes of light cart.

It follows from this that for the correction of trajectory of light cart of semitrailer in relation to the trajectory of tractor expedient is braking of wheels of one side of his back axe.

Can be drawn on the results of the article at a typeselection semitrailer for acquisition of lorry convoy.


Quality of purification of petrocontaining sewage of sea transport

Posviatenko N.I., Demidova Y.E.

In the article the approach used to construct a mathematical model of the process of oily waste water in the column electrocoagulators.

Object of research – a columned electrocoagulator for purification of petrocontaining sewage.

The work purpose – an assessment of quality of sewage treatment by columned electrocoagulators.

Research method – the regression analysis of the data received as a result of planning of multiple-factor experiment.

Regression analysis is a useful tool for statistical process models in the form of polynomials on the basis of data collected during the experiment. With the introduction of the experimentation process of the active principle – planning made possible the creation of a certain optimal experimental designs in order to determine a mathematical model of the process. Passive position of the researcher as an observer becomes active. Column electrocoagulators have complex flow patterns and function mainly in permanent uncontrolled disturbances. Their study and the construction of a mathematical description is a complex scientific task. In such a situation, the use of mathematical methods of experimental design, to determine the mathematical description of the processes of incomplete knowledge of the details of the mechanism of the phenomena occurring in the facility. The essence of this experiment is the simultaneous variation of all factors when carrying out a definite plan and present a mathematical model of the response function in the form of linear or non-linear regression, with subsequent analysis of the methods of mathematical statistics.


The build-up edge when pulling ferritic cast iron

Posviatenko E.K., Chernaivskiy A.V., Studenets S.F.

This article describes the mechanism of built-up edge when pulling ferritic cast iron, as the plastic material with a defective structure.

The object of study – the internal pulling of the workpiece with ferritic cast irons.

Purpose – determine the most effective ways to manage a growth in productive low-speed machining process.

Research method – metallographic analysis of chip formation zone, experimental design study on the relationship of phenomena in cutting metal materials production testing of the proposed instrument.

It is shown that ferritic cast irons are plastic construction materials to the defect structure. Therefore, the drawing of the cast iron is always accompanied by built-up edge. Found that the specific work materials physical and mechanical and cutting properties of the build-up have only the nature of the deformation. It is shown that the body build-up when pulling ferritic gray cast iron acts as an additional cutting wedge with his geometry.

Build-up in the presence of pulling the cast iron parts leads to broken holes and deterioration of the machined surface roughness. The main ways to control built-up edge when pulling gray iron is optimized geometric parameters of the tool, management of the contact phenomena and processes of friction, using the methods of surface engineering.

The high-speed steel tool is used by pulling gray iron, which allows low temperature process.

Permissible capacity of the chips in the grooves broach the processing of cast iron is 0,35.


To determination of stalling speed of motion of three-unit lorry convoy with a semitrailer on the light cart of Dolly

Sakhno V.P., Glinchuk V.M., Englezi O.A., Polyakov V.M.

In the article the questions of stability of rectilineal motion of three-unit lorry convoy are considered with a semitrailer on the light cart of Dolly, in particular to stalling speed of rectilineal motion.

A research object is stability of rectilineal motion of three-unit lorry convoy with a semitrailer on the light cart of Dolly.

A purpose of researches is determination of indexes of stability of motion, in particular to stalling speed of motion, lorry convoy with a semitrailer on the light cart of Dolly.

Method of researches – analytical.

Influence of location of centre-of-mass links of lorry convoy and their moments of inertia is investigational on stalling speed of motion of three-unit lorry convoy with a semitrailer on the light cart of Dolly.  In basis research is fixed, that the point of coupling of light cart with a car-tractor moves with permanent speed along the set axial line (the basic trajectory of motion of car-tractor is formed by a point which is in the middle between two back axes, and the coupling device of lorry convoy is disposed exactly above this point).

It is well-proven that terms of origin of swaying instability of lorry convoy on the light cart of Dolly, and also and lorry convoys of other layout charts substantially depend on the parameters of lorry convoy, namely him mass geometrical descriptions are positions of centre-of-mass in relation to the point of coupling,  gyradiuses  the towed links and  position of points of coupling of the towed links with a car-tractor and between itself, that must be taken into account during acquisition of lorry convoys.

Stalling speed of lorry convoy is certain on the light cart of Dolly and influence of co-ordinates of centre-of-mass and moments of inertia of links of lorry convoy is analysed on its numeral value. It is rotined that increasing stalling speed of lorry convoy is possible due to the change  of point  of coupling of semitrailer  to the fore-axle of light cart, change of point of coupling of  light cart with a car-tractor forward to the barycenter tractor, displacements of centre-of-mass light cart and semitrailer to the points of connection of light cart with a car-tractor and semitrailer with a light cart.

Can be drawn on the results of the article during acquisition of three-unit lorry convoys and their installation and check-out phase in Ukraine.


Six strokes fueled internal combustion engine with chain torque and using energii couple.

Sakhno V.P., Kovalchuk G.O., Yaschenko D.M., Korpach O.A., Ttifonov D.M.

The article suggested six-stroke fueled internal combustion engine with chain torque and using energy couple, which includes star-chain mechanism of transmission of torque to the transmission gearwheel, gas distribution mechanism (with the exhaust valves in the cylinder head and exhaust manifold), mechanisms of lubrication systems, ignition , starting, fuel supply, air, water (with a water tank, pump, injectors injecting water into the exhaust gases on the sleeve and the cylinder head), the intake stroke, compression, Working stroke exhaust in the supercritical area cylinder liners and cylinder head, second stroke, exhaust and steam into the environment. Purpose – to reduce fuel consumption in internal combustion engines and weight through the use of an internal combustion engine with chain torque and using energy of couple.


Rating pull-speed characteristics, fuel efficiency and car emission using engines of different capacities

Sakhno V.P, Korpach O.A.

The paper evaluated changes Pull-speed characteristics, fuel efficiency and emission vehicle with engines of different capacities and the same transmission as an example 105 GAZ "Volga" with engines Zawolzhsky Motorny Zawodt (ZMZ).

Object of study – a car with engines of different capacities

Purpose of research – evaluation pull-speed characteristics, fuel economy and emission vehicle engines using various capacities with the same transmission.

Method of study – experimental and calculated using a mathematical model.

Found that changing the engine when using the same transmission changes the operational properties of the vehicle. This increase in engine power by 40% leads to an increase in the maximum rate at 15.27%. At the same time, acceleration to maximum speed varies slightly, but the way acceleration increases by 17.4%, which explains the increase in maximum vehicle speed. The average vehicle speed increases when using engines more power while driving is on roads with asphalt pavement and dirt roads.

When driving in urban driving cycle on the road change of power has virtually no effect on the execution cycle. Fuel consumption and the total toxicity of exhaust gases while increasing capacity by 7.2% in the case of engines with fuel injection systems distributed increased by 15.9% and 15.3% respectively.

The results of the article can be used to optimize transmission car.


The influence of the accelerator pump carburetor on the automobile performance in the mode driving cycle

Slavin V. V., Manko I. V.

The paper shows the influence of the accelerator pump on the automobile performance in the modes of urban driving cycle.

The object of study – the fuel-economic, environmental performance automobile with a carburetor system supply.

The aim of the work is to determine the effect of feeding an additional portion of fuel that lasts up to 2 s, the fuel-economic, environmental aspects of the automobile in urban driving cycle.

The study is performed by using a technique that determines the operating characteristics of road vehicles in the "driver-vehicle-road", which was developed at the Kiev Automobile and Road Institute.

Accelerator pump for supplying fuel to the additional portion modes acceleration. During acceleration, accelerating pump for 2 to enrich the mixture, which results in a engine acceleration that characterizes the dynamic qualities of the automobile. In addition to increasing hours of fuel consumption in this mode, increases the content of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons in the exhaust gas compared to the continuous mode.

Found that the neglect of the accelerator pump does not lead to an error on fuel consumption, but the effect on the error in the emissions of CO, CO2, and NOx.

The results can be used in calculating the automobile with petrol power systems.


The history of development of hybrid power units / Oleksij Mukolajovuch Timkov, Artyr Petrovuch Lucik

Timkov O.M., Lucik A.P.

This article is focused on the history of the development of hybrid power systems which are characterized by a significant period in the development of road transport. The most important years that changed the course of the birth of the combined drive according to the gradual development of scientific and technological progress are revealed. Attention is paid to the feasibility of study and use of hybrid power systems, which are exactly the elements that will allow humanity to gain time and gradually switch to clean sources of energy.

The historical development of electric vehicles and vehicles with hybrid power plants (ICE and electric motor) is considered. The main stages of the development of a hybrid car are cited, they are founder of hybrid drive, single researches of scientists and creation of prototypes and serial models. The basic stages of introduction of the combined drive conventional vehicles are presented. The leading firms which are worked on the development of prototypes and serial manufacturers of hybrid cars are described. The numbers of sales for cars of different brands in different countries with hybrid power plants are cited.


Statisticaldynamicsof a systemwithinternalbranchingpowerflow

Tyutin V.M.


Random function of gaps in the linkages of the planetary gear reducer can be classified as stationary function. In stationary random function, which represented as canonical decomposition, amplitudes – random numbers, and functions – the usual trigonometric functions.Such representation of the gaps greatly simplifies  the solution of the statistical dynamics of the planetary unit.

Dynamic and the corresponding mathematical model presentedin [1] allow to solve the problem of forced oscillations occurringon a planetary gear. The main problem tha tremains unresolved – in what forms tarttomodel random gaps to obtain a solution tha twoul daccurately reflect the actual processes load affected in the gearbox. For serial production error size and geometry parts arerandomand the refores hould bedetermined by the laws of probability theory. Errors certainsize are considered primary. The yar edistributed by the well-known practice of law.


The potential of use biogas as fuel for vehicle

Shymanskyi S.

The paper considers possibility of use biogas as a fuel for vehicles and methods for removing hydrogen sulphide from biogas

Object of study – use biogas as a fuel.

Purpose – use biogas as fuel for vehicle and methods for removing carbon dioxide from biogas.

Method of study – experimental study of use biogas as a motor fuel for wheeled vehicles.

For increase the methane content need to removing carbon dioxide, because low methane content in biogas is reducing power internal combustion engine; effective way to clean biogas that requires minimal expenses – is clean by water; hydration pressure of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide based at different water solubility of carbon dioxide; at low partial pressures of CO 2 solubility in water is low, but with increasing pressure; it increases, while further reducing the pressure, dissolved carbon dioxide is released from the solution; water purification gas from carbon dioxide under pressure effective at high CO 2 content in gas; this method is simple and allows you to reuse reversible water.

The results of the article may be implementing in biogas technology, its treatment and its use as a motor fuel in wheeled vehicles.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – finding alternative fuel (biogas) for internal combustion engines.


The Analysis of the efficiency of transport enterprise

Artemchuk V., Navrotska T.

This article contains the analysis of the efficiency of enterprise management in condition of uncertainty.

The object of research – the efficiency of transport enterprise.

The Purpose of work – a generalization of the existing methods of evaluation of efficiency of enterprise management, and their addition to adapt them to the conditions of uncertainty.

Research methods – monografichnyy, system analysis.

Enterprise can be considered effective which successfully carries out its purpose, where the cost and the results are satisfactory, if a company professional team of employees who are able to decide the objectives, to respond quickly to changes in the external environment and adapt to the new economic conditions. To assess the proposed control system performance criteria. Finding of the company for the use of another criterion determines the approach to the choice of indicators used in the analysis to inform decision-making.

The degree of implementation – research is theoretical and can be applied in the assessment of the efficacy of management.

Recommendations for use of the work – the results of this paper can be used in the formation of institutional control the transport industry and other sectors of the national economy.

Projected assumptions about the development of the object of research – development of integrated criterion enterprise management efficiency.


Financial Planning at the state enterprise: status, problems and development directions

Babich L.M.

The article examines the process of financial planning at the state sector of the economy. The development of the financial planning of public enterprises and reasonably basic directions for its improvement in the current economic conditions.

The aim – to study the theoretical and practical foundations of financial planning at state enterprises for increase the efficiency of formation and use their financial resources.

Object of study is the process of formation of the financial plan of PA "Kyivprylad."

The novelty lies in the justification of the algorithm performance in monitoring financial planning processes at the GP "Kyivprylad"


The system of gradually account receivables management company

Babich L.M,  Biriykova.A.O.

In the article the expediency of improving receivables management through the introduction of incremental steps.

Object of study – receivables business.

Purpose – to develop the basic stages of development and implementation of tasks on accounts receivable management company.

The novelty lies in the creation of a system of gradual accounts receivable management in the enterprise and development gradual system of measures that will minimize the problem to increase the size of receivables financial condition.


Strategy implementation EFF motor complex enterprises

Bazyliuk A.V., Tesluk N.P.

The paper proposed a system of increased funding in the motor industry.

Object of research – strategy EFF ATP.

Purpose – to create adapted to the conditions of inner and external environment funding mechanism modernization, renewal and restructuring rolling ATP according to the market demand of passenger and freight traffic.

Method study – economic analysis, comparison, scientific abstraction, observation, grouping, summarizing.

The results of the article may be implementing in the implementation of the EFF in the motor industry.


Investment attractiveness of innovation in the agricultural sector

Bezruk Y.I., Leus P.M.

The article is tasked to analyze the socio-economic development in the agricultural sector and highlight obstacles to attract investment and innovation resources.

The object of study serve modern agricultural formation and the factors that affect the amount of output.

Purpose –  determine the financial support of the agricultural sector of Ukraine, its innovative development.

Method study – statistical analysis of the results of economic activity in the agricultural sector.

Êey areas of innovation of agricultural enterprises were identified that improve the economic efficiency of their operation, as well as the system of measures for the implementation of these innovative processes in practical activity.

The results of the article may be used for planning of agricultural production as well as in the educational process of higher education.


The theory and practice of traditional and modern management

Bidnyak M.N.

The paper addresses the problem of basic assumptions of the theory and practice of management that can be used in business activity.

Object of research – traditional and modern management.

Purpose – to study the factors that influence the success of the organization.

Research method – analysis of conditions and substance management.

The knowledge and understanding of the logic of management process development in the terms of external environment's instability is necessary condition for competitiveness support and organization's development.

The success in the theory and practice of management always depends of the success of other management spheres: economics, mathematics, informatics, engineer sciences, psychology and sociology. As these spheres developed, the scientists of management problems know more about the factors that influence on organization's success.

At all the modern management can be characterized by: the change of planning substance; all-around investigation of the factors; successful management; the orientation on management grounded on the results; developed theory and practice of marketing; the development of efficient theories of decision making; the wide usage of economic-mathematic methods and informatics achievements in management using networks and communication tools; the active participation of staff in management.

Expected assumptions about the object of study – the need to`     design the concept of management concerning the conditions of  development market relations in Ukraine.


Major trends shaping the organizational and economic stability in transport companies

Bidnyak M.N., Klesch A.M.

The paper proposed approach to the main areas for the formation of organizational and economic stability in transport companies.

Object of study – the process formation of organizational and economic sustainability of transport services.

Purpose – to develop and use functions, principles and management practices to ensure organizational and economic stability in transport companies.

Method study – logic synthesis and systematic approach that can solve the problem of task selected in the study.

Found that organizational governance and economic stability in transport companies – a complex complementary actions to achieve the desired result and entry now necessary condition, a set of principles, methods, tools, functions and management decisions necessary to ensure organizational and economic stability of the company.

The results of the article can be used transport industry.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – will continue to focus on methods of qualitative assessment of the financial condition of the company.


Formation of the corporate development strategy of diversified enterprises

Bidnyak M.N., Omelyanovych O.R, Grebelnyk V.M.

In the article highlights  issues are  strategic changes at different stages of the life cycle of an enterprise.

The object of research  is Corporate Development Strategy of diversified enterprises .

The purpose of this writing is to study the scientific and methodological approaches to the strategy of diversified organizations with regard to the stage of its life cycle and the stage of the life cycle of each strategic business unit (SBU).

Method of research – research that has allowed to analyze approaches to form the corporate strategy of diversified enterprises considering the stage of its life cycle.

Adapting the organization to current market conditions, encouraging changes in the market, large-scale changes in internal organizational require its use of marketing strategies. Found that the strategy of the organization will be based on the particular stage of the life cycle of an enterprise. A simulation method used to account for features of the organization at every stage of its life cycle.

The results of the article may be implementing in shaping strategy of diversified enterprises.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study is to find an optimal development strategy.


Theoretical aspects of controlling

Bidnyak M.N., Omelyanovych A.R., Zayats O.V.

The main object of this article is to outline the theoretical aspects of "controlling" determining the nature, content and controlling functions in the company.

Object of study – the process of formation and development of controlling enterprises.

Purpose – scientific substantiation of theoretical and methodological documents and practical recommendations for controlling system.

Methods of research – theoretical and methodological foundations of the study were research informative documents of domestic and foreign scholars and experts of controlling.

Tangible effects of dynamic changes in the economic environment, the gradual globalization and increasing competitive pressure on the stage of transformation of the economy of Ukraine require new approaches to management and the creation of an information system that provides management with quality and timely information for effective management decisions.

Implementation of controlling as a fundamentally new concept of management can increase the level of coordination processes of budgeting, accounting, analysis, and monitoring that will improve the quality of managerial decisions and performance management system of modern enterprise as a whole. Only comprehensive monitoring of all blocks of economic and financial activity may provide information about the real situation of enterprises and trends that contribute to the strengthening or weakening of the enterprise in the economic environment. Obtaining of such information requires appropriate tools and methods to use it. Lessons learned requires a transition to a new quality management that it would be an adequate response to the threats and risks that generates over businesses in the market environment and its dynamic transformation.


Forms of state support for the implementation of public-private partnership

Bondar N.

In the article the main directions of the state to support public-private partnerships, are forms of government support for PPP projects.

The object of study – support for PPP projects from the state.

Purpose – a generalization of the world practice of providing state support PPP projects.

The method of investigation – monographic, systems analysis.

Results and novelty – in the article: the causes of the need for state support of PPP projects, the directions of the influence of government policy to support the PPP in the country identified the most common tools of state support for PPP projects; systematized main forms of support for PPP projects.

The reasons for the need for government support PPP projects are the need to: a) provide confidence of private investors in the PPP market, and b) to accelerate the implementation of capital infrastructure investment projects, and c) financial support for the development of infrastructure investment sectors d) of investment attractiveness of PPP projects encumbered by significant risks. At the same time, the main directions of the state's influence on the success of PPP projects are: a) establish the necessary legal and institutional environment, the creation of a favorable investment climate in the country, and b) direct participation in the organizational structure of the project company, implementing a PPP project, and c) financial support for PPP projects . Financial support from the government can be carried out with the help of tools such as subsidies, financial instruments, guarantees. In world practice different forms of government support for PPP projects. The main forms of such support are: the provision of government loans, guarantees for loans, equity participation of authorities in the capital of the project company, grants, subsidies, other security, change of contractual obligations, tax and customs privileges and preferences, protection from competition.

Our results can be incorporated in the development of options for public authorities to support specific PPP projects.

Projected assumptions about the development of the object of research – study the principles of providing direct and contingent liabilities of the government, which may be provided by PPP projects.


Methodological foundations of the system of tax planning

Borovik N.A., Gutsalyuk O.I.

The paper investigates the mechanism of tax planning, the relationship of its components. We consider that the system of tax planning is implemented through the tax mechanism.

The aim – to justify methodological foundations of the system of tax planning.

The object is a system of tax planning.

The system of tax planning at the enterprise should earn by such means as diagnosis of the financial situation, the analysis of the tax burden, the analysis of tax law, the calculation of the tax savings under different economic conditions, increased tax returns, reducing tax capacity.

Tax planning in the modern period can be one of the most important and useful features of enterprise management, which, unfortunately, does not have proper theoretical validity, but in practice only applies purely to reduce tax payments, net of existing functional relationships in the internal organizational structure enterprise.


Management in the animation business

Vysochylo O.N., Scherbakova N.A.

The article describes the functions of the tourist complex animation.

Object of study – animated activities tourist complex.

Purpose – to identify the main features animated management that must be addressed to meet the tourists for their active involvement in a tourist complex.

Research methods – empirical and theoretical methods.

Any activity including animation must be planned, well-regulated and organizational manageable, provided material, financial and human resources. Animated management is a kind of management mechanism, whose work due execution of interrelated functions: planning, organization, motivation and control the animation of the tourism sector, which are implemented in solving certain problems.

Specificity of Tourism Management Animation by: developing animation services that take into account a wide range of consumers, limited duration of time, the change in the contingent of tourists, the need to constantly update the program.

The results of the article is appropriate managers in recreational complexes.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – design complex animation programs in recreational complexes.


Improving the efficiency of road transport enterprises in supply chain projects

Vorkut T.A., Gamelyak I.P., Pawluk D.A., Bilonog O.E.

The article is based on improving the methodological approaches to norm-setting for freit transportion process in motor carrier industry under risk and uncertainty, the method of determining tolerances time export of goods from points of departure (importation of destinations) and the mechanism of the implementation of this technique.

Òhe object of study are the freight transportion process vroots for pick up and delivery of small-size stripements.

The purpose of the paper is in developing methods for determining tolerances time export (import) of goods from points of departure (in destinations) when using transport technology that involves the use of combined cycles Transportation under risk and uncertainty and the mechanism of the implementation of this technique in organizations, providers of freight transportation.

The methodological foundations of research – the methods of the theory of transport processes and systems, probability theory and mathematical statistics, project management methodology.

The norm-setting for freit transportion process in motor carrier industry of goods to destinations (departure) in view of random factors based on research time spent on vehicle movement between adjacent points of which are exported (imported) goods on teams routes and time spent on simple vehicle at the points of which are exported (imported) goods. Conducted, using appropriate mathematical apparatus, data processing to establish the type and parameters of the relationship between costs on vehicle movement between adjacent points, of which are exported (imported) goods and the distance between these points and determined the type and parameters of the relationship between spending time on a simple vehicle at the points of which are exported (imported) goods and the value of shipments exported (imported). Deviations of actual time spent in total on vehicle movement between adjacent points import (export) of goods, and it just leveled off calculation is based on assumptions that are necessary for each case of confirmation that the magnitude of the aforementioned deviations are not significantly dependent on the distance between adjacent points import (export) of goods and the value of shipments exported (imported). Thus, setting the distribution law of the random variable deviation can be defined tolerances time arrival car in paragraphs import (export) of goods from the settlement, including for specific groups of customers and/or consumers, consistent with the requirements of (expected) market, the reliability of transport services in timeliness of delivery, and willingness to pay for a specific level. Terms of use methodologies based on the fact that transport processes are statistically controlled. This technique was tested in terms of organizations providers of cargo, using terminal technology. Methodical approaches of the content of the project implementation methodology for determining tolerances time export (import) of goods in the places of departure (destination) as a mechanism for its implementation This technique can be used for plotting import (export) of goods to destinations (departure), controlled by clients (consumers), and evaluation of transport service providers in terms of timeliness as meter orientation process of delivery (transportation) cargo needs (expectations) customers (consumers).


The essence and characteristics of managerial work middle-level managers of enterprise management

Voyakin V.G.

The paper presents a technique to reveal the nature, logic, features, and characteristics of content management labor management middle management level of enterprisesMethods – logical-intuitive, empirical, complex-combined.

The concept of administrative work is combined to a certain extent due to the concept of management as an object or its scope.

The essence of management, its features and specifics are determined, on the one hand, the objectives of which it decides on the other – his subject, and the very means of work management.

Managerial work – a kind of social work, whose main task is to provide focused, coordinated activities of individual members of joint labor process and labor groups in general.

The results of the article can be used in the process of analyzing and improving the efficiency of administrative work of middle level managers at the transport industry of Ukraine.

Forecast assumptions for the development of object research – search and support the optimal model of management training system for managers at enterprises.

The significance of the work is to analyze the existing, formulation and justification of the modern model of management of manager's training at enterprise in the transport industry of Ukraine.


Investment attractiveness of enterprises as a factor of competitiveness

Gaidai G.G., Strelchenko N.M.

In the article is researched comparison of the competitiveness and investment attractiveness, as well as a convergence of factors that affect both on the competitiveness and on the level of investment attractiveness, and asked to be considered as approximate economic categories in markets investment resources.

The object of the research – is the process of acquiring the investment attractiveness of enterprises compared to other.

Research methods – is analysis, synthesis, expression of systematic economic phenomena.

Investment attractiveness and competitiveness of a company can complement one another, but in the early stages may conflict with one another and prevent increased levels. At the same time they cannot separate these two concepts even to investment market because competitiveness is focused on the separation of analogs and demonstration of leadership in the industry, and investment attractiveness is designed for receiving funds, in some cases (innovation, "business angels" and venture activity), even out of competition.

The articles have practical value as can be used to acquire competitive advantages in investment and financial markets, as well as scientific importance, which is the manifestation of the mutual influences on investment attractiveness of enterprises' competitiveness.

Forecasted assumptions concerning development of subject of inquiry – is search for combinations of factors of investment attractiveness and competitiveness aimed at interacting and reinforcing the harmonic of the input of the money flow to an enterprise.


Model of exposure of pre-conditions of appearance of crisis situations in the internal environment of enterprise

Garbar K.V.

A purpose of work is development of model of diagnosticating of changes in an internal environment, which can result in appearance of crisis situations in activity of enterprise.

A research object is the system of the early warning and reacting on the crisis phenomena in economic activity of enterprise.

Research methods are a, dynamic and dispersible analysis of the systems.

The certain system of symptoms of the crisis phenomena is in the internal environment of enterprise and their indicators after the types of economic activity; it is suggested to carry out diagnosticating of threatenings changes after the vectors of indicators which are formed after such criteria: location of indicator in relation to his critical value, measure of changeability, by direction and speed of dynamics.

Indicators which attained or exceeded critical values behave to the proper vectors depending on the measure of their changeability and direction of change with subsequent ranzhuvannyam after speed of growth of these changes. Developed chart of forming of vectors of indicators, on the basis of which the analog model of diagnosticating of threatenings changes is built in the internal environment of enterprise.

Can be drawn on the results of the article at development of the methodical providing of the system of the early warning and reacting on the crisis phenomena in activity of enterprise


Formation of financial firmness of a motor transportation enterprise

Gonchar T. M.

In the article are considered questions of forming of financial firmness of motor transport enterprise, internal problems of financial stability and ways of their overcoming.

The objective of the task of this article is to provide a scientific rationale for the problems of financial sustainability of the transport enterprise.

A pledge of the activities of each enterprise and the foundation of its development in the competitive environment is stability (sustainability). In the basis of achievement of the internal stability of the enterprise is a timely and flexible management of internal and external factors of its activities.

The highest form of stability of the enterprise is its ability to develop in the conditions of the internal and external environment. For this purpose, the enterprise should have a flexible structure of financial resources and with the need to have the ability to attract borrowed funds, that is to be creditworthy. Effective management of financial stability of the motor company will allow the enterprise to adapt to the conditions of the external environment and control the degree of its independence from external sources of financing.

The internal stability of the company reflects the state of the labour potential, material and cost (monetary) patterns of production and such its dynamics, in which are provided with stable, high natural-material and financial results of functioning of the enterprise. In the basis of achievement of the internal stability of the enterprise is a timely and flexible management of internal and external factors of its activities.

External sustainability should be determined on the basis of the stability of the economic environment, in the framework of which the activities are carried out. It is achieved by an appropriate macroeconomic regulation of the market economy.

In order to achieve financial stability and sustainability of the transport enterprise, it is necessary to create a long-term «road map» for the development of the enterprise, which would have allowed the enterprise develop on the basis of revenue growth while maintaining solvency and creditworthiness, as well as the provision and maintenance of financial stability of the enterprise.


Generalization and description of concepts of materials management

Gorbenko A.V., Slavinska O.S., Sopotsko O.Y.

The article companies summarizes the basic definitions of the theory of logistics, retraced the relation between logistics system and management standards, management concepts. Substantiated the basic characteristics logistics supply chains, given their classifications.

Object of study – logistics systems in supply chains.

Purpose – reveal of the content characteristics of logistics systems in supply chains.

Method study – analysis and synthesis of information.

Analysis of studies on the subject of this research topic, revealed the existence of at least several dozen different definitions of the term "system", which are used depending on the context, knowledge and research purposes. The term "system" refers to both real and abstract objects and is widely used for the formation of other concepts, for example, the banking system, logistic system, the information, the blood, the political, the system and others. The authors reveal the essence and basic characteristics of the concept of "logistics system."


Forming of inter-branch multiplicative effects is as a result of investments in a transport complex

Gorobinska I.V.

The article is devoted to the estimation of action of mechanism of making of animated cartoon in contiguous industries of economy within the framework of inter-branch balance as a result of investing of money in a transport sector.

As an object of research a transport complex comes forward in the system of inter-branch balance.

A research aim is development of methodical recommendations in relation to the estimation of inter-branch multiplicative effects in an economy as a result of investments in a transport sector.

Research methods are a balance method, input-output analysis, methods of historical, logic and system analysis and synthesis.

It is set during research, that inter-branch balance is one of optimal instruments for the decision of tasks of estimation to influence of increase of production and capital investments volumes within the framework of one of industries on all national economy. Inter-branch balance of production and distribution of products shows direct influence of a transport sphere on other industries of economy on such indexes, as branch balance and employment of population, and also indirect influence is an economic effect as a result of activity in the sphere of transport, that can be divided into a multiplicative effect that is predetermined by influence of the most dynamic development of types of transport on other sectors of economy; an increase of the fixed assets is due to investments in a transport industry; increase of profits as a result of increase of consumer charges, predefined by a rise in wages in a transport sphere. These indirect effects, in turn, influence on an economy, and, to count up common influence of transport on creation of GDP, it is necessary to take into account a multiplicative effect. Primary impulses that brought a process over of making of animated cartoon to the action afterwards cause secondary effects in an economy. For the calculation of size of secondary effects with the use of cartoonists the table of inter-branch balances, that represents the degree of interpenetration of different sectors of economy, is used. This method of planning of development of concrete industries and pertaining to national economy to the sector on the whole can be used as base and to change in accordance with the necessities of certain sphere, his feature consists in the estimation of changes of proportions of reproductive process on the basis of analysis of production and consumption through the system of inter-branch co-operations.

Conclusions – it is set as a result of research, that bringing in of investments in a certain sphere provides the multiplicative effect of development of all pertaining to national economy complex. An important role in bringing in of investments belongs to the state that must create terms for effective activity and rational use of own and attracted resources. Activity of the state from activation of investment processes in a transport industry must be concentrated on financing of the government having a special purpose programs, realization of the programs of leasing of transport vehicles as one of mechanisms of investing, grant of tax deductions, state subsidies, direct budgetary financing on condition of having a special purpose investment of money in the fixed assets of enterprises, and also sent to participating in the privately-budgetary financing.


Formation of parametric indicators monitoring system model of financially-budgetary discipline

Degtyareva O.N.

The paper proposed approach to the determination of the condition of financially-budgetary discipline of enterprises, defined parametric indicators of financially-budgetary discipline of enterprises, the system model is formulated for evaluation.

Object of study – the monitoring of financially-budgetary discipline.

Purpose – to develop a parametric indicators and formulate a system model for the assessment of financially-budgetary discipline.

The method of investigation – a systematic approach and system analysis.

Developed methodical device evaluation of financially-budgetary discipline, which calls for the development of the information model of the system of indicators to measure the state of financially-budgetary discipline and its criteria. Determination of the factors influencing the effectiveness of monitoring and building their mathematical relationships allowed the development of a system model for monitoring financially-budgetary discipline enterprises. By a calculation defined border state of financially-budgetary discipline.

The results of the article can be introduced into the organization of the monitoring of financially-budgetary discipline, assessment, and to improve the latter on the basis of the interest of business leaders. Using the results of the study will reduce the risks of the state for effective and targeted use of budgetary allocations.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – development of a mechanism for improving the state of the financially-budgetary discipline of enterprises that receive budget allocations.


Major changes in the taxation of the enterprises in Ukraine in 013

Dzuba O.M., Iemeliantseva D.I.

The paper analyzes the major innovations of tax policy in Ukraine in 013. There are basic directions of development of the tax system of Ukraine in the future.

Purpose – to identify any changes in tax system in Ukraine.

With the approval of the Tax Code in Ukraine there is tax relief for companies in Ukraine. These changes have led to improved Ukraine's position in the ranking «Doing Business», which is calculated annually by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation. Compared with the “Doing Business” in 012, Ukraine had risen by 15 places in the overall ranking, and 18 positions in “Taxation" in 013. This positive trend was maintained, above all, by decreasing in the total time spent on a tax reporting and reducing total tax burden. But such changes – only the first step to improve the investment climate in the country.

Among the major changes in taxation in 013, it should be noted a decrease in income tax rate, benefits for enterprises of the software products industry, for planning the reconstruction and modernization enterprises. Also, on January 1, there is announced down the procedure for paying corporate income tax. There are increase rates of excise and other taxes and fees.

Also there are such innovations in 013 – the decreasing of taxing in total reduces on the enterprises of Ukraine and simplify the tax reporting. These changes should lead to an increase of investment expenditures of enterprises, release of funds, which will lead to an increase of GDP in general. The increase of total domestic investment in the business, the development of certain sectors of the economy, improving the investment climate will improve the business rating of Ukraine, and this trend will attract more foreign investment in our economy.


The Japanese leadership model for ukrainian enterprises considering the mentality

Doroshkevych D.V.

The article describes the Japanese model of leadership and the main features of its use at Ukrainian enterprises considering mentality of Ukrainian people.

Object of study – the Japanese model of leadership.

Purpose – to determinate the particular features of Japanese management theories’ (including Japanese leadership model) usage at Ukrainian enterprises; the analysis of Ukrainian mentality; the adaptation of Japanese leadership model to Ukrainian nation.

Methods of study – system-logical method, analysis and synthesis, the methods of alternative management.

The stable growth of Japanese economics, the increasing market share of Japanese productive enterprises, the development of Toyota Company – all these factors shows the high efficiency level of Japanese management models’ usage. Japanese management theories consists of Deming principles, Shuhart-Deming cycle, Just-in-Time, kaizen, Lean production, Total Quality Management, kanban, jidoka etc.  the high efficiency of these theories are proved. That’s why every year a lot of entrepreneurs out of Japan and other Asia countries want to provide these theories. But there is a factor that stops the development of Japanese theories. It is the mentality of nations. Article describes the model of leadership that is typical for Japanese management. This model is compared with the model of leadership that is typical for Ukraine. Also article describes the mental features of Ukrainians and the ways of influence to workers with the aim of Asian leadership model introduction. The implementation of such innovative instruments as Japanese leadership model may be the efficient tool for the increasing of management’s quality. But for reaching the aim it is necessary to realize this innovation considering the Ukrainian mentality. The analysis in the article is the base for investigation of collective in concrete production enterprise and for development of efficient Ukrainian leadership model.

The results of this article can be used for all production enterprises including transport companies.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – the development of Ukrainian leadership model.


Methodological framework of identify and prevent price collusion

Dragun N.P., Ivanovskaya I.V.

This article presents the theoretical and methodological foundations and methodological framework of identify and prevent price collusion in commodity markets.

The objects of study is price collusion in commodity markets.

The goal of the study is to develop effective methodological approach for detect and prevent collusion in the commodity markets based on the integrated use of both legal and institutional and economic instruments of antitrust policy.

The methods of investigation are monographic and modeling.

We developed theoretical and methodological foundations of identify and prevent horizontal price fixing including the definition of the economic substance of anticompetitive agreements and concerted practices; the development of mathematical models of influence of structural factors, the characteristics of conspirators and external macroeconomic conditions on the development and stability of price collusion in the market; the rationale for the job done on detection and prevention of price collusion through integrated use of both legal and institutional and economic instruments of antitrust policy. We developed a methodological framework of identify and prevent anti-competitive agreements and concerted practices.

Our results can be used by governments to address the urgent problems arising in the process of identifying and combating collusion in the commodity markets, liberalizing of the pricing, activating of creating integrated production structures in the economy, etc.

Projected assumptions about the development of the research object are detection and constraint price collusion in the commodity markets of the CIS countries.


The essence and causes of bankruptcy machinery companies

Dudka T.V, Litus A.A.

Sustainable development of the market economy is impossible without forming an effective institution prevent bankruptcy. Particularly relevant is the issue of bankruptcy for the domestic machinery industry, most companies which during the economic crisis of the 90s of the last century have gone bankrupt or are on the verge of bankruptcy. Because engineering is important to strengthen the economy of Ukraine, establishment of an independent state highly, significantly affects the rate and direction of scientific and technological progress in various sectors of the economy, productivity growth, which determine the effectiveness of social production, so there is an urgent need for an appropriate detect and prevent crisis situations that may lead to the insolvency of engineering enterprises and, consequently, to bankruptcy. Bankruptcy – Mounted in court the financial failure of the enterprise, that is, its inability to meet the requirements on time by creditors and fulfill its obligations to the budget.

The article analyzes the main causes of bankruptcy, describes the current methods of prevention, considered improvements these methods.


Analysis of the definition of enterprise crisis

Ivanchuk S.I.

In this article the sources of formation and development management in enterprises.

The object of study – the process of formation and overcoming crisis on the transport company.

Purpose – to develop educational foundations crisis assessment and modeling activities of his prejudices, adapted to the operation of the enterprise.

The method of research – theoretical and empirical research.

Transport enterprises are an important element of life supporting infrastructure for economic and social sectors of any economic system crisis which directly affects national economic interests. This is due to the fact that the crisis of domestic transport companies is one of the basic factors of inflationary processes.

The results of the article can be used to simulate the transport development strategy on the basis of a matrix comparing the integral values ËËof the anti-crisis stability.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – lies in the fact that the theoretical principles to the level of a specific technique, which allows for a comprehensive evaluation of the integral values ËËbail sustainability of transport services.


Analysis of human resources capacity of the transportation company

Ivasyshyna N.V., Yevsevskiy O.O.

The paper deals with the functioning of the labor market and contains the analysis of human resource capacity of the transportation company.

The target of research is the formation of personnel development strategy adapted to external changes.

The purpose of research is to develop theoretical and methodological provisions aimed at improving the efficiency of staff deployment.

The methods of investigation are based on the systematic analysis and logic synthesis.

The development of the national economy requires a significant increase in the efficiency of human resources deployment, which is indicated mainly by the labor market. Modern labor market in Ukraine is characterized by significant stress due to lower demand for labor, the fall in real wage, growth in the number of dismissed workers, the increase of hidden unemployment.

The results of the article can be used for setting up work on staff development of transportation company.

Forecast assumptions about the target of research are to establish guidelines and tools for shaping the staff of the company.


Logistical approaches in workforce management of  transportation companies

Ivasyshyna N.V., Pylchenko A.O.

The paper proposed approach regarding the application of logistics principles in the management of human resources and trucking companies theoretical justification for the introduction and use of rationalization of personnel policy.

Object of study – employment potential of the enterprise.

Purpose – to determine the feasibility of effective personnel policies and search capabilities for detecting and improving human resources.

Research method – analytical analysis of management methodology.

An important process in personnel logistics is the evaluation of staff. It is based on the complex characteristics of competency. Training is a mandatory element of the enterprise. The effect of the formation of qualified personnel often can not be expressed quantitatively, moreover, is remote in time. Established that there is a need to expand the information field, a number of tasks and operational HR Service requires creating opportunities for employees to work effectively with the new information rapidly changing economy where an increasing role in the competition plays intellectual capital, organizational resources, the quality of staff. Proposed to apply the principle focus on core professional human resources company, is a unique source of increasing the profitability of the enterprise through a combination of technical, scientific, industrial, institutional, managerial and human potential, can be supported and playable.

The results of the article can be implemented in the business of road transport.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – the search for optimal development of tools and methodologies for optimizing personnel policy for the qualitative detection of human resources and increase business.


Analysis of methodological approaches to identify and evaluate the competitiveness of transport

Ilchenko V.J.

The article dealt with some aspects of the formation and development of a methodological framework for assessing the competitiveness of the transport company.

Object of research is the competitiveness of the transport company.

The purpose of work is to offer modern methodological approaches to defining and assessing the competitiveness of the transport company.

Research methods: method comparisons, system analysis.

For the functioning of the organizational-economic mechanism of competitiveness required assessment system and determine the level of competitiveness, which took into account the interests of investors, enterprises, consumers, the State. To determine the position of the enterprise in the market represented a general procedure for research, evaluation, and management of the competitiveness of enterprises; the proposed method of evaluation of the competitiveness of the transport enterprises for its productive potential and the influence of the environment and the method of estimation of the competitiveness of the transport enterprises on the basis of the competitiveness of the transport of products; showing the methods of calculating the coefficient of the competitiveness of enterprises.

The results of the article can be used in the processes of development of marketing activities of the transport industry, search and implementation of external competitive advantages.

Forward-looking assumptions regarding the development of a research object, creating an objective valuation of potential competitiveness of transport enterprises.


Issues of effective management

Kabanov, VG, Vorobiev N.P.

Problem. The modern world is the rapid and dynamic in its development and quite unpredictable in terms of potential and current changes. Today quite difficult to predict market conditions, consumer demand, product life cycle, the speed and depth of technological change and competitive forces. Ensuring competitiveness in the market, inter alia, innovation management, innovation associated with changing the overall organizational structure. Today, when everything is happening in "real time", according to experts, nearly losing a chance to survive stiff vertical structure. Therefore, more attention is attracted by the problem of developing effective organizational structures in all spheres and sectors of the domestic economy.

Analysis of recent research and publications. We emphasize that the problems of formation of an effective organizational structure of the work is devoted to Argyris K Kutyelyeva PV, Syenhe P. Tyelnova YF and other scientists, but the search for modern approaches to solving the problem continues, the more reform in many areas Ukraine's economy.

The purpose of the article. The purpose of this article is to analyze the evolution of organizational structures, to formulate the basic principles of management in a dynamic system, explore new approaches to the formation of an effective organizational structure and key elements of organizational and structural scheme of the company.


Methods of providing the harmonious relations in organization of the compensation to the personnel

Karpenko O.V.

Object of research – the main methods of ensuring harmonization of compensation.

Research objective – definition of the main methods of achievement of the harmonious relations in compensation for development of effective policy of compensation and improvement of social climate at the enterprise.

Research methods – theoretical and empirical.

During development of policy of the enterprise concerning compensation it is necessary to harmonize most often opposite interests of the employer, the employee, and also different groups which work in collective. The more in the labor relations of social justice, the more deeply is the workers confidence that directors and all personnel sincerely aspire to it, the stronger is their interaction, the higher is their organizational level, the more thoroughly is motivational system. It is possible to allocate the following methods of providing the harmonious relations in the compensation organization: social justice, dependence of system of compensation on a way of distribution of the income, salary differentiation depending on different characteristics, compliance and interrelation of tariff rates, official salaries, surcharges and awards, use of economic-mathematical methods for creation of models of compensation. Social justice doesn't allow formal equalizing of workers. The concept of social justice includes comparison of the actual and expected consequences of the same circumstances. As "circumstances" we understand actions (performance of concrete work) and the statuses (official capacities), and the corresponding remunerations an extra charges are considered as their consequence, for example. As a confirmation of justice serve not mentioned above consequences, but their compliance: not that is fair that the worker is being paid for the performed work, and that it is a necessity. Discrepancy between the actual and expected consequences are estimated as injustice. On time of definition of an individual salary of employees of the enterprises of all forms of ownership and economic activity the central place belongs to tariff system. Level of a salary of specific performers has to be formed under the influence of such factors: complexity of work (qualification, responsibility), working conditions (harm, complexity, intensity, and appeal), and number of work (fulfilled time within norm, after hours), results of work (performance of rated tasks, performance standards, quality indicators). Today the main system of calculation of compensation is still a tariff system – set of standards by means of which differentiation and regulation of level of a salary of different groups and categories of workers depending on the listed above factors is made. At present there is a need of definition of ways of ensuring harmonization of compensation of the personnel of the motor transportation enterprises.


Principles of cost-oriented development strategy road

Kirichenko G.

In the article the principles of cost-oriented development strategy road.

Object of study – principles of strategy trucking companies.

Purpose – the isolation and study of existing principles of those that form the development strategy that focuses on value.

The whole complex of works on the development and implementation of enterprise development strategy based on the following principles: integrity forming system consistency, dedication, scholarship, adaptability (monitoring of strategic plans), flexibility according to changes in the environment, participate in the development strategies of the various levels of detail and detailing measures targeting the market and competitiveness, availability of feedback and enforcement actions.

Today is the actual use of all the principles of strategy that optimizes the activities of the company in today's environment.


Some aspects of project management

Klimenko I.S., Taranusha O.N.

The current state of the Ukrainian economy is largely determined by the imperfection and not enough high level of organization of management in all spheres and at all levels of economic and industrial activity. In this situation extremely important to developing effective management strategies for the operation of business entities, as they ensure the success of the competition and a stable position in the market.

Development and adoption of decisions on the implementation of complex and large-scale scientific, technical, economic, institutional, social and other problems requires, as a rule, high costs of financial, material and time resources. The theory of scientific management and the economic practice has developed a number of concepts of socio-economic systems, which is an integral part of project management.The article confirmed the need for the development of effective management strategies for the operation of economic entities.

Represented real growth rate of GDP in some countries of the CIS.

The object of study is the project.

We consider the Logical Framework Approach (LFA) in project management. The main stages of the logical framework approach. Given the need to evaluate the project according to specific criteria.


Identification of current problems of enterprise development road transport sector in Ukraine

Kozak L.S., Levishchenko O.S.

The article reviews the main approaches for identification of problematic situations enterprise and analyzes the main factors that influence the development of domestic enterprises in road transport sector.

Object of study – the influence factors on development of road transport system of Ukraine.

Purpose – to identify problems of road transportation enterprises sector of Ukraine to assess the effectiveness of managerial influence on the activity and development of enterprises.

Identifying problems enterprises is a basic component of management consulting, which aims to conduct an independent diagnosis problems companies to develop ways to overcome these problems, providing expert assistance to clients in solving managerial business problems, improving the efficiency of software development and the client organization.

Identifying the problems of domestic enterprises road transport sector has shown that the most influential factors for businesses today is the unstable political situation, high competition in the market resources, inadequate legal regulation of activity and taxation, so the target set of domestic enterprises the operational objectives and strategic prospects are rated as minor, or not treated.


Investing Motor Transport of Ukraine with participation of international financial institutions

Kozak L.S., Peresada T.M., Gaidai G.G.

The article highlights the results of Ukraine's cooperation with international financial institutions, as well as problems associated with the study of the financing of transport infrastructure and its impact on the economic situation and development of the country.

The article shows the results of Ukraine's cooperation with international financial institutions, and also problems connected with studying of the financing of transport infrastructure and its impact on the economic situation and development of the country.

The object of the research – is the investment of international financial institutions in road transport of Ukraine.

Objective – building scientific definitions recommendations organizational and economic ways of optimizing investment resources, and also attraction of credit funds of international financial organizations for transport enterprises of Ukraine.

Method of research – is analysis of projects financed by international financial institutions.

In order to implement the projects of economic and social development of the economy of Ukraine the government works with the World Bank (International Bank for reconstruction and development-IBRD), with the European Bank for reconstruction and development, with the black sea trade and Development Bank, as well as in accordance of the signed bilateral framework agreements – with the Nordic Investment Bank and with the European Investment Bank. With the entry into the Unions Ukraine had got the access to relatively cheap credit resources, which are provided on concessional terms.

The article shows that Ukraine's cooperation with international financial organizations is crucial for the development of motor transport and to attract capital to the country for foreign investors.

The forecast assumptions about the development of a research – further capital’s raising of foreign partners to invest in motor transport projects on more favorable terms for the country.


The concept of international economic security and systems to ensure it

Kozak L., Fedoruk O.

The article summarizes current theoretical approaches to the content and structure of international economic security in the global and regional level, reveals its conceptual problems; identifies cause-and-effect relationships, sources and mechanisms of threats to international economic security; defines the role and importance of international economic security in the structure of economic security; researches methodical principles of formation of the system of international economic security.

Object of the research – the process of economic security in international relations.

Purpose of the study – improving the concept of international economic security and the formation of system to ensure it.

Methods of research – method of abstracting, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, system approach, graphical method.

International economic security is a coordinated participants and fixed by international legal instruments procedure of the peaceful interaction of states in the implementation of international economic relations and countering common threats throughout the world or individual regions. In the global system of international economic security the important role played by the Organization of United Nations – world organization of sovereign states created on the basis of their voluntary associations for the purpose of maintaining peace and security in the world. The important role of regional economic organizations in Western Europe is the European Union, which is a political and economic union for a common foreign policy in the sphere of security and social development.

Established that the system of international economic security is mainly focused on the support of international economic stability as the basic characteristics of the relationship entities in the international arena. Today it is necessary to create international mechanisms for coordination of interstate relations that contribute to the coordination of joint action by all countries to ensure international economic security.


Role and place of controlling in the management system of service centers

Kozak L.S., Chervyakova V.V.

The article deals with the modern scientific views on the place and role of the controlling in the management system of enterprises. The role and place of controlling in the management system of service centers were defined.

Object of study – role and place of controlling in the management system of enterprise.

Purpose – to determine the role and place of controlling in the management system of service center.

Methods of research – generalization, abstraction, analysis, synthesis.

Increased instability of external environment puts additional requirements to the management system of enterprises, namely, shift from control of the past to analysis of the future; decreasing the response time to changes of the environment; increasing flexibility of enterprise activity; the need for objective and continuous monitoring; the need to elaborate a system of actions to ensure the survival of enterprise and to avoid crisis situations; the need for synchronization and complementarity of management decisions. The need to address these issues led to the emergence and development of advanced technology of management – controlling. Found that the role of controlling in the management of service center is coordination, informational, analytical, methodical and instrumental support of key aspects, functions, functional directions, organizational structures of management and their components and improvement of effectiveness of the management mechanism. The quality of management decisions and the effectiveness of management system as a whole improve due to controlling.

The presented approach should be taken into consideration when implementation and operation of controlling in domestic service centers.


The formation of economically beneficial routes

Kompanets C.A.

The article describes the algorithm of routes’ creating.

Object of study – an instrument for routes’ formation.

Purpose – is the development of economic and institutional mechanism of routes’ formation.

Method of study – statistical analysis methods and integer programming/

A lot of scientific works are dedicated to the problems of tourism industry. But there is no one article that consist information about routes’ formation. The definition and the separation of existing routes can help to get profit in whole tourism industry. The method of excursion routes’ formation can help to reduce the time of information’s processing, to create individual tours saving resources.

The results of the article can be implemented in tourism organizations, travel companies and tourism agencies.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – mapping program with quick calculations of alternative routes choices.


Theoretical aspects of the concept of transaction costs

Kontseva V.V., Vorontsova K.V.

The paper proposed a unified classification grid concept of "transaction costs", which takes into account the two-way communication "transaction costs – the effectiveness of the entity." Purpose – to determine where transaction costs of enterprises in the current system of business planning and minimization.

Object of research – transaction costs for business.

Depending on the circumstances of the interaction of individuals, businesses, organizations, states may be made of different types of transactions that will meet their costs associated with the preparation and implementation of these actions. These costs are called transaction costs and need to allocate a total cost of both the level of individual businesses and the country as a whole. In economic processes affect the acceleration of scientific and technological progress, specialization and globalization of economic space, which leads to an increase in transaction costs. At the micro level, this translates into increasing the proportion of transaction costs in the cost structure of the enterprise.

Relevant authorities should control the formation of these costs and help them reduce through different mechanisms: integration, cooperation, improvement of legislation creating a favorable climate in the country for business. This will ensure the economic efficiency of transactions, increase economic efficiency and competitiveness of the economy.

Consideration of transaction costs allows a different look at the structure of its costs and expenses this kind of as an object management, which aims to reduce, sources of knowledge, prediction and consideration in making a number of decisions.


System dialectical approach to the analysis of transport clusters

Kontseva V.V, Khomenko I.O.

The paper proposed the structurally functional analysis of conformities of the systems to the law of development of transport clusters, structured, their firmness, general conformities to the law and tendencies of their functioning, is considered in this article.

Object of study – organization and management of transport clusters virobniche-gospodarskoy activity.

Purpose – togeneralization of scientific researches and structurally functional analysis of conformities of the systems to the law of development of transport clusters.

Method study – theoretical and empiric methods of cognition, analysis and synthesis.

Descriptions of the systems of clusters are substantial parameters which determine their functioning in quality the systems. All these parameters can be divided into three basic groups: sistemoutvoryuyuchi, sistemoformyuchi and sistemoobumovlyuyuchi. The selection of such groups is determined complication of structure of cluster and external influences on organization of their work.

Contradictions determine at forming of clusters and determine their basic descriptions. Important sistemoutvoryuyucheyu description is co-operation of contradictions, aims and external environment. Aims determine directions of activity of clusters and oriented on achieving eventual results. In general a cluster is the system which has a few directions of activity. Tactic and strategy of steady development of transport clusters an orientation on satisfaction of demand on transportation, decision of contradictions at the market makes basis of all phenomena of the systems, determines enterprises which are included in certain clusters, their structure, organizationally economic mechanisms and processes of development. Outlining of key value of this conformity to the law for clusters and determination of her at development of all òåîðåòèêî-methodological bases of the systems is one of main terms of conducting of researches. Thus it is not needed to diminish the role of structural descriptions, in fact cluster as a system is an aggregate of interactive elements.

Other system conformity to the law of clusters is multidimensionalness of the system and each of parameters of the systems of bases. The multidimensionalness of sign is "actual contradictions" appears in a few aspects: contradictions have a fractal structure, that appear co-operation of great number of factors and aspects; it is important to take into account second-rate signs which substantially influence on character of development and form of decision of these contradictions; contradictions which operate on the certain stage of development of cluster have the sources on other stages; one not contradiction, but plural of interactive contradictions, lie in basis of development of clusters as difficult systems.

The results of the article can be used for continuation of methodological researches of substantive provisions of approach of the systems, working out new and insufficiently known problems of functioning of transport clusters as systems.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – to development of research object are a structurally functional analysis of conformities of the systems to the law of development of transport clusters.


Business conditions in Ukraine as a key influencing factor on the level of economic security of enterprises

Kopytko M.I.

The paper investigates the position of Ukraine in terms of the attractiveness of the business environment and investment climate. One factor is analyzed that characterizes the investment attractiveness of Ukraine and decisive way affects the level of economic security of domestic industrial enterprises – the number of inspections by supervisory authorities.

Object of study – business conditions in Ukraine and inspection of enterprises by regulatory authorities as a factor in the investment attractiveness of the state.

Purpose – to examine the influence of the conditions of the domestic business environment on the level of economic security of enterprises.

Method study – statistical method – to create paintings of contemporary commercial landscape in Ukraine and their impact on economic security industry.

The conditions of doing business in Ukraine by analyzing data from the international rankings, especially studied indicators such as ease of doing business index, the index of economic freedom, corruption perception index, Forbes ranking of the conditions for doing business, the World Economic Forum ranking of countries with best reputation of the New York Institute of repute. These ratings indicate the negative trends in the economy of Ukraine, which complicate and in some cases make it impossible to do business by domestic enterprises. This situation requires the use of unofficial solutions between Ukrainian companies and public authorities. In addition, one of the important parameters characterizing the investment attractiveness of Ukraine and also affects the level of economic security companies is the number of inspections of businesses supervisory authorities. That is the problem with illegal inspections of large-scale size and long duration of complicating the possibility of industrial activities.

The results of the article may be implementing in the management of industrial enterprises and the development of national programs in the field of industry.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – to improve economic security industry by taking into account the risk of external threats.


Personnel security as a component of economic security

Levkovets N.P.

In the article the personnel security as a component of economic security, defined internal and external threats and risks to personnel safety.

Object of study – business transport.

Purpose – to examine the safety of personnel as one of the components of economic security, identify threats and risks to security personnel, as well as adverse events and trends that hinder its development, the basic components of security personnel as a single integrated system of economic security.             Study that the main risk group is people who have come under the influence of the most common types of relationships, as a result they have deviant behavior, characterized aberration (statutory, customary). Service personnel safety must recognize and eliminate (or enclose) from the group of workers who are or may potentially enter into a particular risk.

Planning and management staff aimed at ensuring an adequate level of economic security should cover the organization of recruiting, hiring, training and motivation of workers required, including material and moral incentives and prestige profession and the will to work, providing social benefits.

At this stage, personnel safety is in active development, and is a topic of interest to most businesses that employ progressive, effective, science-based management practices. From personnel security depends how confident can be the head of the firm in competence of their employees, that company does not undergo danger caused by staff.


Investment strategy of transport

Levchuk N.M., Voytulevych A.O.

One of the components of effective business management is to implement an effective investment activity, which is a component of developing an investment strategy that allows us to define not only the forms and sources of funds that you plan to use the enterprise to implement an overall development strategy, but also take into account the factors of influence on its further development and implementation, in turn, creates conditions for effective investment management. Every company that operates in a market economy can not exist without a well developed strategy. A key problem formulation and justification of the strategy is to find ways to overcome the competition in the market and ensuring high economic growth rates the company with sufficient financial stability.

Development of theoretical, methodological and practical foundations of the formation of an enterprise development strategy involved in many foreign and domestic scholars, in particular, Aleksandrov, AN Alekseev, N. Afanasyev, R. Ackoff, Ansoff I., E. Beltiukov, A. Castle, in . Gerasimchuk, L. Dougan, V. Efremov, S. Ilyashenko, M. Kruglov, VA Liashenko, LI Melnik, H. Mintzberg, B. Nemtsov, Porter, W. Pukhal'skii, V. Rogozhin, AJ . Strickland, Thompson, A. Chandler, Ponomarenko, VP Fadeev, S. Shershneva and others.

However, there are still insufficiently explored issues surrounding the development of investment strategy in the management of enterprise development. The need to deepen the theoretical – methodological developments in the field of strategic management of investment activities in the context of an enterprise development strategy, led to the choice of theme, set goals and objectives of the research.


Operational control and inventory management company

Litvishko L.A.

The paper proposes a matrix of ABC and XYZ – classifications in the inventory management system company, which will provide valuable tools for planning, monitoring and control systems for the supply chain as a whole, and inventory management in particular.

Object of study – the inventory of policy of the enterprise.

The purpose of the study – the choice of optimal management strategy at the company in the face of uncertainty, and the rationale for a particular method.

The method of investigation – a graphical method the inventory in the inventory management system, the method of ranking the elements of the value of each element on different criteria.

Stocks are among the facilities that require large capital investments, and therefore constitute one of the factors determining the policies of the company. Problems optimize inventory enterprises and effective management by the fact that the state of stocks affects the competitiveness of the enterprise determines its financial position and financial performance. Therefore, the question of operational control and inventory management become important, and inventory control policy is an integral part of the financial management of the organization. Selection of optimal inventory control strategy of the enterprise should provide a minimum cost to bring products to consumers.

Our results can be introduced in trade and marketing enterprises with multinomenclature groups and a wide range of products.

Projected assumptions about the development of the object of investigation – search for the optimal inventory control strategy company, will receive a maximum profit with an uninterrupted view of providing consumers with the necessary inventory, at a minimal cost of maintaining them.


Methodological basis determining indicators parametric model traffic flow of cars of region

Makarova T.V.

The object of the study is a parametric model, which reflects the dynamics of change in the economic performance of the region, depending on the intensity of traffic flow of cars. In order to form a number of these indicators and the calculation of their values, we used the method of fuzzy logic elements using neural networks. The novelty of the study is to develop a methodology for assessing the impact of the intensification of traffic cars on the socio – economic performance of the region, using a five-layer neural – fuzzy network through algorithm Mamdani. The intensification moving flow traffic from satisfactory to an adequate level, may lead to a high value of the gross regional product (about 155 billion USD.). There is a correlation of study with works, containing mathematical tools for intellectual diagnosis in relation to economic systems.


Efficiency Use Management of Production Factors at Enterprise

Malykhina S.V.

One of the aims of productive-and-economic activity is efficiency provision, which, in its turn, depends on availability and use of economic potential formed on the basis of production factors. Due to the mentioned above, the topicality of development and introduction of management systems of different kinds into production has been explained and substantiated. The system we provide comprises certain criteria on efficiency of limiting productive capacity (available recourses in use). The system has been organized in certain stages, each of which provides a unit of appropriate management system.


Methodical bases of estimation of investment attractiveness of enterprise

Masalitina V.V.

In the article the mechanism of estimation of investment attractiveness of enterprise is considered in accordance with the stages of him life cycle and offered approach, that to the improvement of estimation of investment attractiveness of enterprise.

Object of study – investment attractiveness of enterprise.

Purpose – ground of directions of improvement of methodology of evaluation of investment attractiveness of enterprise on the basis of determination of level of him investment activity.

Methods of study – analysis, synthesis, theoretical generalizations.

The estimation of investment attractiveness of enterprise can be carried out in the process of realization of next works: determination of the stage vitally to the cycle of enterprise; estimation of material and technical potential of enterprise; financial analysis of investment attractiveness. Investment attractive enterprises that are in the process of height are considered, on the stages of origin, becoming and stopped rates of height. Next to the exposure of the stages of life cycle of enterprise of evaluation of investment attractiveness requires realization of all-round analysis him material and technical potential, business and investment activity. Potential possibilities of investment activity of enterprise it is suggested to estimate for help : parts of monetary resources on coverage of necessities of different types of activity; level of the having a special purpose use of net income from operating activity and depreciation decrees, as basic sourcings of investment activity. The results of the article can be drawn on for determination of investment attractiveness of separate enterprise, and also during realization of financial analysis on initiative both enterprise and investors.

The results of the article can be used for determination of investment attractiveness of separate enterprise, and also during realization of financial analysis on initiative both enterprise and investors.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – perfection of methodology of estimation of investment attractiveness of enterprise taking into account factors that influence not only on an enterprise but also have branch character.


The essence of strategic development of the company and its constituents

Melnichenko T.M., Yatsenko B.I.

The article examines the essence of strategic business development and identified its components.

The essence of strategic management lies in shaping the imagination of the market and a common understanding of the prospects of this market. Formation of such an idea is based not so much on the analysis of accurate information about the market, how much consideration admissible hypotheses.

Strategic planning is an integral part of management, its primary function, it is intimately connected with forecasting, organization, management, control, analysis n the other functions of management.

Forecasting can predict the state of the company in the long term, helps to identify existing problems and is based on an analysis of the business enterprise. Forecasting also helps clarify the main base strategy firm, can long hall-shatysya unchanged, and sometimes confirmed by annual check its orientation.


Internal control is in providing of effective activity of enterprises of a transport complex

Nazarenko I.I., Gulin O.V.

In the articles investigational organizationally-methodological problems of forming and functioning of the internal checking of management of enterprises of a transport complex activity system.

Object of study – system of development of ñàíàö³éíèõ measures of the financial making healthy of a transport enterprise.

Purpose – Research of organizationally-methodological problems of forming and functioning of the internal checking of management of enterprises of a transport complex activity system

Method study – generalization of fundamental works of Ukrainian and foreign scientists of economists is in the internal checking system, dialectical going, fundamental positions of economic theory, system-logical approach near research of the economic phenomena and processes.

Terms of deepening of financial crisis the problems of proceeding in solvency of enterprises-bankrupts and enterprises that ended up in the crisis state become all more actual, in fact only at the effective use of sanatione it is possible to renew solvency and profitability of enterprises. The aim of financial sanatione is optimization of financial streams of enterprise for coverage of losses, proceeding in solvency and liquidity, reduction of all types of debt and forming of the special fund for realization of measures of organizational and productive character.

Sanatione that is conducted by the enterprise of own free will has most of forms and methods of realization. Such sanatione answers aims and interests of enterprise fully, submits to the tasks of management and answers the ways of the internal financial stabilizing. In the conditions of origin of the crisis phenomena in activity of enterprise his proprietors will try to overcome these phenomena different methods, to warn bankruptcy. The most applied models of financial sanatione of enterprises are models that are based on the model of "classic model of sanatione" and on the model of rapid exposure of financial crisis and radical sanatione actions.

The results of the article can be introduced into the services of control of enterprises of a transport complex.


Particularly the use of methods and models for financial planning at the enterprise

Nakonechna S.A.

The article considers the methods and models applied in the development of financial plans at the enterprises of Ukraine in modern conditions of economic development.

The purpose of this paper is to develop the proposals for the application of economic-mathematical model for the development of a financial plan on a separate enterprise.

The object of research is process of developing a financial plan on a separate enterprise. The subject of research is the use of methods and models for the formation of a financial plan for the company.

In the course of the study on the financial planning at the enterprise have been applied methods, such as calculating and analytical, optimization of planning decisions, economic-mathematical modeling. In particular, there was introduced the model of the automation of the budgeting system and developed recommendations, thanks to which the conditions have been created for the effective substantiation of the forecast calculations for the financial strategy of the investigated enterprises, which can also be applied to any enterprise of the state form of ownership. The value of the proposed model lies in the fact that it can be used for the analysis of the previous periods on the basis of the dynamics of the indicators of the main forms of financial statements for operating the financial and investment activities of the company, and the conclusions about the effectiveness of the allocation of financial resources, the degree of efficiency of the management of the property of the enterprise, etc.

At the present time planning and forecasting are based on the advanced mathematical and statistical tools. In international practice, many large companies use continuous budgeting, in which after the end of each fiscal period this period are excluded from the General budget with the simultaneous inclusion of new similar budget period. It should also be taken into account that financial planning is to meet the strategic objectives of activity of the enterprise with the justification of the numerous risks related to the influence of those or other factors.

Conclusions – in the course of research proposals have been made concerning the practical application of economic-mathematical models and further improvement of the methods of financial planning through the implementation of budget system when drawing up plans for the current and subsequent periods and the proposed model for the development of the financial plan, which can be used to improve the process of financial planning at the enterprises of various sectors of the economy.


Economic reform and the problem of training university

Nosachenko Y.S.

The paper analyzes the issues, problems and contradictions of economic reform in Ukraine, which have be systemic in nature, requiring a radical modernization of the economy. Particular attention is drawn to the need to reform national education in real (not formal) of the Bologna process.

The consequence of reforms should be growth of GDP, budget, improving people's lives, without the growth of social tension. This will positively contribute and international economic integration of Ukraine to improve democratic society.

Analysis shows that reforms in Ukraine slowed down primarily through incompetence and low-skilled personnel (ministries, other government bodies). Dominated administrative methods of economic regulation that have exhausted themselves. Unfortunately, most of the participants in the economic process and today not possess modern economic thinking.


Theoretical aspects to determining the nature of the strategic potential and potential development companies

Parfentieva O.G.

The main approaches of scientists-economists to the essence of strategic and development potential determining are analyzed by the article author; the main potentials’ characteristics, their basic components and factors, that influence the strategic and development potential formation are outlined.

The scientific concept of “potential of enterprise development” as opportunity of additional benefits providing due to the changes of quantitive and quality descriptions, limited by influence of external and internal factors is given by the author. The strategic potential of an enterprise is determined as perspective association of consistently organized resources and possibilities that are characterized by aimed orientation.

It is marked that strategic potential of enterprise is basic description of enterprise development. It is set that a management strategic development of enterprise is needed for certain control system development and introduction, basis of which is the system of analysis, evaluation and diagnostics of potential and certain processes of its changes. So different methodologies of strategic potential and potential of enterprise development analysis and diagnostics, that constantly improved, are used correspondingly.

The following approaches to the essence of potential are exposed: resource potential (is examined as totality of present resources or such that can be attracted outside); aimed potential (resources and their possibilities of effective using in the process of aims achievement); structural and functional potential (totality of elements each of that executes corresponding functions); competitive potential (equates with the source of competitive edges).

It is showed that a process of enterprise potential forming is one of directions of its economic strategy that comprises the creation and organization of the system of resources and competences that result in their cooperation as a factor of successful enterprise’s activity aims achievement.


Åxpediency of increase of economic efficiency of passenger transportations

Petrovskaya S.I.

In the article methodology of estimation of efficiency of passenger transportations is offered on municipal routes with the use of methods of economic analysis for transport enterprises, that allows to the ferrymen to estimate efficiency and quality of transportations during the set organization of work on routes and to correct the got values of indexes.

An aim of the article is consideration of substantive provisions of estimation of quality and efficiency of maintenance of passengers by a public transport, that will allow to transport enterprises of different patterns of ownership to draw conclusion in relation to behavior of a transport system and determine requirements to organization of vehicular process and also determination systems of indexes, by means of that the economic evaluation of efficiency of work of a passenger transport system and informative providing of making decision, fact or prognosis sheets influence on that come true.

The offered system of estimation of indexes of work of a passenger transport complex, in that every index is examined as an element of forming of the real efficiency, will assist further commercialization of industry, her use will allow to do a clear conclusion about success of work of a transport complex, threat of loss of clients and income.


Modern approaches to the economic evaluation of investment in human capital

Polonsky V.G., Antropova A.Y.

The authors considered current approaches to the economic evaluation of investment in staff training and its necessity and usefulness in today's economic development.

Object of research – investment in human capital.

Purpose – to consider current approaches to assessing the economic efficiency of investments in human capital.

Creating knowledge is one of the most important sources of competitiveness of a modern enterprise. Human capital is the main criterion for evaluating the effectiveness of the company in achieving competitive advantage and ensuring qualitative parameters of economic growth.

The main instrument of human capital formation is investing. The most pressing to make investments in training employees of intellectual labor. In turn, increased intelligence requires considerable financial support, so it is necessary to conduct economic evaluation of investment.

There are different approaches to the evaluation of investments in human capital: calculation of qualifying production capacity – the level of intelligence, which is one of the indicators of economic efficiency of human capital; calculation of the value of total Education Fund which is determined using a specially developed price indices and taking into account depreciation of knowledge and skills; in evaluating the effectiveness of investments in intellectual capital of commercial organizations estimated only integral efficiency investments.

Modern economics world leaders has already recognized the importance and balance of investment in human capital for the benefit of their own growth and prosperity.

This article aims to encourage business leaders to understand the importance and urgency of investing in human capital in the current economic conditions.

Listed in Article approaches to the evaluation of investments in human capital can be used in the company to calculate its level of intellectualization.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – the development of the economic mechanism of effective investment in human capital and its application in enterprises.


Rational approach to selecting and organizing schemes carriage of perishable foodstuffs by automotive vehicles on the example of raw milk

Prylipko E.L.

In the article provides an overview of main schemes carriage of perishable foodstuffs on the example of raw milk by automotive vehicles from dairy farm and private sector to the dairy plant, defined their strenghts and weaknesses and identifies the main criteria selection schemes carriage raw milk to the milk food plant.

According the changes in operating conditions of milk farms and dairy plants, the introduction of more stringent requirements for raw milk, the introduction of new transportation schemes for industrial milk processing, increased requirements for carriage milk and special automotive vehicle which be used for such carriage.

Today there are two most widespread schemes ñarriage of milk from milk farm to dairy plants: directly ñarriage of milk to dairy plants and ñarriage of milk to dairy plants with using collection station (purchase) of milk or plant for partial processing of milk.

These schemes may have a number of varieties that can, depending on the specific conditions used by carriers for transportation of milk to maximize economic benefits.

To select the optimal scheme ñarriage of milk to dairy plants or their combinations taken into account a number of factors, including the number of raw milk suppliers; raw milk gathering area and the remoteness of milk farms; milk farm concentration in certain areas; the proportion of of procurement of milk from different milk farms; the quantity of milk farms production; availability on milk farms or collection station (purchase) of milk modern special equipment for cooling the milk to the optimal temperature, special tanks for further storage and maintain the temperature conditions; a sufficient number of specialized insulated automotive vehicle with tanks for transportation of milk with special cooling equipment etc.

When the schemes carriages of raw milk from milk farm to dairy plants properly selected, we can rationalized processes carriages of milk to preserve its quality characteristics.


Mathematical model of the second order of university financing

Riabikova A., Kyzmych O., Mekush O.

A general mathematical model of the dynamics of financing the higher educational institutions has been developed in this article. The proposed model is based on the method of constructing a dynamic analogy, can be transformed in accordance with the terms of its reform taking into consideration basic components of the economic order, that provides possibility to improve the financial sustainability of the the higher educational institution and effective use of economic resources.


Basic processes of project cost

Samolyuk V.M.

The subject of study is the approaches and methods of managing project costs. The aim of the study is to investigate methods of cost management. In the article the processes necessary to ensure that the project is not out of the framework adopted budget.

In many application areas, potential project financing product forecast and analyzed outside the project. When such predictions and analysis included in the project cost management project will have additional processes and numerous general management technology: return on investment, discounted cash flow analysis and other period restitution.

If the project cost is used as a component of reward and recognition, it should be assessed controllable and uncontrollable costs, and budget for them should be formed separately, then it will guarantee that award reflects the current project.

Resource planning involves determining what resources (human resources, equipment, materials) and how much should be engaged to carry out project activities. Resource planning should be closely coordinated with the valuation.

Further work will be linked to resource planning project.


Specifics of ensuring the financial security of business entity

Siedaya A.

The article specifies the main elements of the system that ensures the financial security of business entity.

The object of study is the system of ensuring the financial security of business entity.

The purpose is to identify the major components of the financial enterprise security

Research method is theoretical methods of scientific research, namely analytical method.

The article determined that the level of financial security of a company affects the financial risks and specified the classification of financial risks.

The article tackles the features of the system to ensure the financial security of the enterprise, which aims to optimize the level of financial risk. The components of the system ensure the financial security of a business entity and financial risks that are specific to a particular component of the system.

The results of the article can be used by businesses to determine the financial security of the company.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study are the following: designed structure of financial security a prerequisite for the subsequent formation of managing the financial security


The role of the Internet in forming the image of autoservice enterprise

Siedoi V.G.

The article defines essence and role of corporate autoservice enterprise`s image in the achievement of financial success of enterprise activity.

Object of study – process of forming autoservice enterprise`s image.

Purpose of study – determination of new features of process forming autoservice enterprise`s image in the conditions of deployment of modern information and communication technologies.

Research method – collection and analysis of statistical data about user's activity on the specialized thematic forums in the Internet, used for distribution of information about activity of Ukrainian autoservice enterprises.

The analysis of information technologies that got a substantial value at forming autoservice enterprise`s image is conducted. The inspection of the present Ukrainian Internet resources with cars owners feeds about the received services on autoservice enterprises is conducted also. The possibilities and threats, related to influence of new information technologies on the process of forming autoservice enterprise`s image, are certain.

The results can be drawn on at forming and support of positive image of autoservice enterprises. It is expedient to conduct further researches in the direction of development of theoretical bases of functioning management system of autoservice enterprise`s image on the basis of using the possibilities of the new network services.


State regulation of passenger transoprtu

Syv'yuk T.S.

In the article the main tasks of the state, which may affect the quality of the transport of products to road transport.Purpose – to improve and identify ways of public regulation of urban passenger transport.T

he object of study – an analysis of passenger transportation by road.The financial condition of many businesses passenger transport remains fragile. Foreign and domestic experience shows that the main factor that affects the financial position of the producers of transport is coordinated investment policy and state (municipal) policy. Looking developed measures and a comprehensive program of rehabilitation of all passenger transport system.

The main level of government – the authority of the government, which solved the task centralized management between municipalities and municipal transportation of passengers on a single base with the most efficient data exchange between information systems departments and agencies and supervisory systems to ensure coordination of transport services departments in Kyiv under time traffic.

The novelty lies in the need to make transparent and understandable, both of which set fees, and for the population uses the services of passenger traffic. So every passenger has to know for which he pays and how oformuyutsya given state tariffs for transportation recommendations regarding quality management in road transport Needing new markets. It is also necessary to improve the classification factors that forms the quality of transport services. Keywords: state regulation of passenger transport, government control.


Analisis world experience of public-private partnerships and the development in Ukraine

Sokolova N.M., Gerasimenko A.V.,  Makowska Yu.A.

In the article the global experience of PPP and the ways of its development in Ukraine.

Object of research – development of public-private partnership.

Purpose – The impact of global development in its PPPs development in Ukraine.

Research method – analysis of international experience of public-private partnerships and the development in Ukraine

Public-private partnership (PPP) set of key mechanisms of implementing the policy of modernization of economy of Ukraine, addressing important socio-economic problems. High efficiency of PPPs as a form of cooperation between the state and business proven experience of many countries, reveals the essence and the main features of public-private partnerships. Based on survey data of the World Bank identified the main types of interaction between state and private sector in transport; formulated the basic prerequisite for the successful implementation of public-private partnerships.

The results of the article may be implementing in developing public-private partnerships.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study is the creation of conditions for successful implementation of public-private partnerships.


Logistic market features in Ukraine according to transactions with food of everyday demand

Sopotsko O.Y.

The paper describes the logistics market in Ukraine. The reasons that affect strategy in logistics of Ukraine and causes that affect unwell to the transport and logistics activities in Ukraine are identifed.

The features of outsourcing, its advantages and disadvantages, classification of logistics operators are given.

Object of study ˒ logistics market of Ukraine.

Purpose ˒ analysis of logistics market of Ukraine.

Method of study ˒ analys of companies that provide logistics services in Ukraine market.

In the logistics market in Ukraine increasing competition and accelerate the process of consolidating logistics market take place. Increasing requirements for quality, reliability, contractors, strengthen security trends demand redistribution in favor of large, medium and niche companies caused withdrawal from the market inefficient players. Increased demand for integrated services will lead to unification forwarders and warehouse operators. Positions of logistic operators that are able to provide a systematic approach to customers and organize service throughout the country strengths. A key factor in the growth of logistics is an increase in retail turnover and specifically ˒ wholesale chains. There are some existing historical and economic characteristics of our country, which are basis for the formulation of strategic objectives logistics and its development in Ukraine. It is obvious that the modern Ukrainian cargo market has some distinctive features in comparison with European and Asian counterparts.

The results of the article can be used for structuring models of management logistics systems in supply chains of food everyday demand.

The search market prospects freight according to European and Asian is forecast assumptions about the object of study.


Formation of investment attractiveness of enterprises

Taranukha O.M., Amelina N.K.

The article analyzes the content and the main purpose of investment attraction, which is an assessment of the financial condition and identify opportunities for to enhance the functioning of the entity through of rational financial policy. From the above analysis found that the investment activity of enterprises depends largely on the investment attractiveness.

Object of study – the formation of investment attractiveness of enterprises.

Purpose – to identify key challenges facing investors in the selection of investment targets specific innovation projects.

Experience in several countries suggests that the transition, post–crisis economic development effective implementation of the investment process related to the active role of the state. requiring increased attention to state regulation of investment activities, developing a framework of public investment policy as an instrument to stimulate investment in the most important areas of production. Investment attractiveness can be seen at the country level, industry, region and enterprise. It focuses all participants (actors) investment, where each has its own interest. The content and the main objective evaluation of investment – is an assessment of the financial condition and identify opportunities to enhance the functioning of the entity through rational financial policy. Thus, we can say that the main method of evaluation of investment companies is to analyze its financial condition.

Despite the financial profitability of the investment project risk political and economic instability in the country will not attract the capital required amount. Thus, investment activity largely depends on the investment attractiveness. Creating good conditions for profitable investment are the basis for the expansion of investment activity. Therefore, analysis and evaluation of the favorable investment attractiveness of the company as a tool to ensure the competitiveness of investment projects is great scientific and practical interest in forming a concept of long–term development of the country. In this regard, there is an urgent need to study the mechanism of interaction of real investment and portfolio investment in order to seek macroeconomic decisions aimed at revitalizing a single investment process and develop a set of specific actions on national and regional investment policy.


Dynamics of Average Method Application in Enterprises' Financial Stability Management

Trotsiuk T.S.

The article suggests to consider the use of the dynamics of average method for management of enterprises' financial stability. For the characteristic of financial situation is possible to distinguish five classes of financial stability: absolute, normal, unstable, pre-crisis, crisis. Moreover it has the ability to move from one state to another in course of time. Consideration of enterprise’s financial stability as a function of time involves its ability to change in course of time under the influence of many factors of internal and especially external environment.

The main goal of this article is the dynamics of average method application that allows to determine the time of financial stability remaining in a particular state. This will give a possibility to build a strategy in the future, based on a state in which, due to this method, the enterprise’s financial stability will remain for the longest time.

Dynamics of average method, which is offered for consideration, has the ability to be generalized and extended to a wide class of processes. However, it is offered to consider a particular example of dynamics of average method application's result, because so far this method has not been applied for forecasting of financial stability in the future.

This method has not been used in the economy before. The results obtained by the method of dynamics makes possible to determine the average probability of enterprises' financial stability presence in each of the possible statuses and based on these data to continue to shape development strategy.


External and internal factors of influence are on the investment attractiveness of enterprise

Khmelevskyy M.O.

Aim of work – determination of meaningfulness of factors on the investment attractiveness of road-building enterprises for the attention focusing on most influential, improvement and acceleration of process of bringing in of investments.

Research method – economy-logical, method of global analysis.

For today actuality was purchased by the question of investing in enterprises. An important role in organization of investment activity belongs to the state. Efficiency of economic activity, firmness of the financial state of enterprises of travelling industry, depends on the row of factors that have ponderable influence on the investment attractiveness of enterprises.

The results of the article can be drawn on during realization of technical and economic estimation of activity of enterprises.

Prognosis suppositions are in relation to development of research object – search, optimization of factors of influence in relation to the investment attractiveness of enterprise, taking into account branch belonging of enterprises.


An integrated approach to evaluating the effectiveness of organizational systems

Tseholnyk P.A.

The paper proposed a comprehensive approach to assessing the effectiveness of organizational systems.

Object of study – the efficiency of organizational systems.

Purpose – to develop the conceptual apparatus of the theory on performance management of organizations and the formation of an integrated approach to evaluation.

The concept of efficiency in modern management theories are quite controversial. Analysis of various sources reveals dozens of interpretations. Ambiguity interpretations inevitably creates barriers to communication and understanding of scientists and practitioners on the author's view, the effectiveness of the system (facility management) should be considered as a universal comprehensive integrated (cumulative) criterion that characterizes the degree of utilization and development of the total system capacity The effectiveness of own development can be regarded as a measure of enhancing the functionality of the system (the object).

Another problem is the evaluation of effectiveness. The study proposes an approach that allows to determine the efficiency of the organization using the integrated coefficient of efficiency.

The results of the article may be used for the formation of methodology for assessing the efficiency as well as to evaluate the performance of real organizational systems.


F eatures of corporate tax management in the economic management of the enterprise

Chesnakova L.S., Malakhova J.A.

In the article summarized results of the study of the conceptual apparatus of corporate tax management and defined its objectives and tasks, depending on the scenario of the enterprise’s behavior in tax relations with the state.

Object of research – tax management in enterprises.

Purpose is to study the nature of corporate tax management and tasks depending on the chosen scenario enterprise behavior in tax relations with the state.

Method study is methods of synthesis and analysis.

It was found that there was no common vision content corporate tax management. The results of synthesis and critical analysis of opinions Ukrainian and foreign scientists have allowed to define the corporate tax management, how to manage the influence of the current system of taxation on business enterprise by adapting to it and respond to changes in it. Determined that the subject of tax management in the enterprise is the mechanism of influence of the current system taxation on the company’s economic activity. The strategic goal of corporate tax management depends on the scenario behavior of enterprise in tax relations with the state, which can be careful, weighted, risky and illegal. Detected tasks of tax management in enterprises for each scenario behavior.

The results can be used to develop models of corporate tax management scenarios conduct business in tax relations with the state.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – the development model of corporate tax management for weighted scenario behavior, as the most promising.


The improvement of the labor motivation system in the personnel development at the management system of the enterprise

Shvets L.V.

The article gives concrete expression to the essence and significance of the investments in      personnel development of the enterprise, presents the priority directions of the investments efficiency increasing in the personnel development of the enterprise through improvement of labor motivation system.

Object of study – the process of stimulation of personnel activity of the  enterprises.

Purpose – to determine the necessity of increasing of labor activity at the enterprises through the improvement of labor motivation systems to increase their effectiveness and ensure competitiveness.

Methods of study – general and special science methods : historical and logical method, methods of classification, generalization and systematization, analyses and synthesis methods.

The importance of the intelligent capital and it’s main part – personnel in conditions of global market transformations is being increased. The final results and indexes of competitiveness of enterprises essentially depends on personnel with its qualitative and quantitative characteristics, and of opportunities to utilize acquired knowledge and skills on practice. The necessity of personnel development at the native enterprises to increase their effectiveness is provided. The importance of labor motivation system’s improvement at the native enterprises to increase investments efficiency in the personnel development is underlined.

The priority directions of the investments efficiency increasing in the personnel development of native enterprises to strengthen investment activity, their effectiveness and ensure competitiveness are offered.

Forecast assumption: the author pay attention to the necessity of future development and improvement of labor motivation systems in the personnel development of enterprises of specific branches of economy.


Conceptions of assessment complete utilization of productive potential freight transport enterprise

Scherbakova N.A.

The article describes the conceptual provisions evaluation complete utilization of productive potential freight transport enterprise by responsibility centers: transportation and maintenance and repair of rolling stock with the following generalization assessments at the enterprise as a whole.

Object of study – managing the production potential freight transport enterprise.

Purpose – to identify unused and lost opportunities for companies by evaluating fullness of its potential.

Research method – comparative analysis and modeling method, used to build indexes complete utilization of productive potential responsibility centers.

The scope of the use of productive potential should be evaluated through responsibility centers and an entire enterprise. The scope of the transportation center's potential is evaluated by comparison its actual gross profit (including a financial result of an additional commercial activity) with its normative profit which corresponds to maximum possible use of productive potential. In a rolling stock maintenance and repair center the index can be characterized by correlation between normative and actual costs of a center, with costs being decreased by the profit received from an additional commercial activity or being increased by losses from it. When based on an entire enterprise, the scope of productive potential can be obtained from correlation between actual and normative financial result from operating activity. The indexes value determined by a transportation center and an entire enterprise in limits between 0 and 1 shows the insufficient use of its potential. If an index equals one, potential is used to the full.

The results of the article may be used for future decision-making in freight trucking companies.

Forecast assumptions about the object of study – to develop recommendations regarding implementation managers improve the completeness of use of productive potential of the enterprise.

Keywords: production potential, responsibility centers, completeness using potential scale evaluation, efficiency of resource use.



Yatsenko I.V., Dziuba O.I.

The article tasked the oretically apply motivational principles of motivational mechanisms of workers. Also, identify the main areas of workin the area ofËË motivation.

The most commonway of materialin centivesis a bonus. General principles bonuses are a reward forany, even the smallest successes, timeliness, potentially unlimited amountof premium, regularre viewcriteri abonuses duetochangesin the conditions of the organizationandits economicstatus.

The issue of effective management and promotion of staff paidmuchattention,  because beforethe Ukrainian enterprises face a number of questions about what are the mosttypical mistakes during recruitment, the impactofcorporate cultureon the work of employees, which in the managements hould take PR-manager, as maintainad equate and qualified staffand ot hers. Togetridof negative experiences and biases sometimes as sociated with the management of humanpotential, Ukrainian firms needto, firstly, the staff wascloser to business owner stohelpovercome the general feeling that the employees donotund erstand the realproblems and issues with facingtheorganization, and secondly, should promote the efficient use of humanresources with in the firm, shouldfind fresh and effective approaches to improve the functioning of the organization.


Method of optimizing a specific transport and operational condition of roads

Slavinskaya E.S., Savenko V.J., Stozhka V.V.

In the paper the information and analysis system based on the tablet that allows you to optimize the operational status of the survey of roads and check the quality and timeliness of the work on the operational maintenance. After the end of the survey automatically generated model certificate of inspection with the timing requirements of repairing the damages, which are governed by existing regulations, findings and recommendations, as well as to create a presentation with photos.

Object of development – analytical system operating condition survey of roads on the base plate.

Purpose – to provide information and analysis system based on the tablet that allows you to optimize the operational status of the survey of roads and check the quality and timeliness of the work on the operational maintenance.

Research Methods and apparatus – a visual inspection to determine the road and recording defects of the structural layers of the pavement and the arrangement of the elements, their size and location, using information and analysis system based on the tablet.

Information and analytical system that is designed for use in surveys of road conditions and operational quality audits and implementation of operational maintenance of the robot, will give the ability to automate the process, thereby to simplify and speed up the survey participants. Enable typed acts and photographs in the prescribed form and reduce the time for training to participate in the performance of this kind of work. Rapid transmission of data is provided with wireless access to the Internet.

The results of which are presented in the article – the proposed information-analytical system based tablet introduced at the industry level in organizations and enterprises that are part of the State Agency of highways of Ukraine (Ukravtodor).

Projected assumptions about the development of the object development – some change in the information-analytical system of roads condition survey on the results of trial operation on the basis of the tablet in order to ensure the quality and comfort of the employees who perform inspection.


Transport policy and demand management for urban passenger transport

Ludchenko Y., Tretyakov I.

Theoretico-methodological  bases of stable transport foundation policy in uncontrolled automobilization and the necessity of inculcation the management of transport service


Problems of development of a transport infrastructure of Kyiv

Tretyakovà À.

Problems of development of transport infrastructure is one of the most pressing problems in functioning and future development capital.


Estimation of change at times of structure of park of trucks and their structural descriptions

Kurnikov S.I.

The paper proposed the analysis of change of structure  of park of trucks is conducted In the article,  technical descriptions  over of modern cars are brought.

Research object – there are constructions of modern trucks.

Purpose – analysis of changes of structure of park and determination of influence of structural descriptions of modern cars on forming is a Production and technical base of road transport enterprises.

Method study – statistical analysis of directions of changes of structure of park, so structural descriptions of trucks.

Intensive development of motor industry in Ukraine is characterized the intensive update  of park of trucks, by an improvement them, technical descriptions. It is set that changes of structure of motor-car parks, constructions of cars, by the acceleration of update of mobile composition, the declines of toxic influence of cars on an environment determine the proper directions  of development of Production and technical base. On the modern stage, there is a requirement in research of changes of these factors and determination of their influence on forming of Production and technical base of road transport enterprises.


Factors and organizational principles of development car repair and car service complexes

Levkovskyy A.P., Turitcya À.À.

On the basis of performance review modern car repair and car service production substantiate factors of development repair and cars service operating structures and direction of car repair and car service production management

Subject of inquiry – motor repair service industrial structures

Work objective – optimization organizational forms of car repair and car service industrial structures

Method of investigation – system engineering and object-oriented management

Results of the article can be using for development organizational and technical structure of car repair service.

Prognosis suppositions in relation to subsequent researches are searching of optimum production structure on the basis of combinations related repair technological operations and car repair service


Àuthorized services of Ukraine, 012

Markov O.D., Yamtsun P.D., Stepanenko P.V., Veretelnikova N.V.

In the article the statistical analysis ryknu Car market of Ukraine and authorized service centers. Reasonable conclusions regarding the state of authorized service centers. Estimated market size Car in Ukraine in general and given market dynamics calculations. Dan qualitative analysis of authorized service centers. The following directions for its further development. Along with examples of excellence and high technology, the current level of customer service and modern advanced technology maintenance and repair of vehicles, personal achievements of some auto centers generally authorized service center holds great promise in terms of dealer networks, the location of dealers and service partners, organizations and Quality customer service and deficiencies arising historical mentality, decline of public morality, low level of production, imperfect business.


²ndependent service station in Ukraine, 012.

Markov O.D., Veretelnikova N.V., Stepanenko P.V., Yamtsun P.D.

Independent service station serves in various fields from 80 to 97% of cars. 70% of the stations have a number of 3-5 people and the power of 1.2 post. Automotive technicians mostly – non-core, it has no formal qualification confirmation. (90% of staff).

Actual need of posts – about 43 000. Actual need SRT – 10-12 thousand. The actual need for automotive technicians – 50-60 people (not including the need for specialists to sell spare parts).

A characteristic feature of the modern independent service center is its very weak technical equipment and its non-compliance with standards and regulations. For example, when checking about 1,000 independent stations in a regional city, none of them did not meet the requirements. Stations are equipped in rented premises, which are located inconvenient for customers: in the middle of the plant, in the courtyard of a research institute or in the laundry plant, including warehouses, where it is not easy to find in the garage or on a cooperative checkpoint motor company or farm shop. The lack of qualified personnel list of services of independent service stations is limited. The leaders of the independent service centers are not prepared to run the business. Not solved the timely supply of spare parts in connection with which the independent service station operators and aftermarket losing efficiency. The decision to raise the issue requires ºtogo and solve problems organizatsionn³h layer.


Pollution dispersion modeling of traffic flow in today's buildings

Bakulich O.O., Grebelnik Y.M.

In the article the approach to determine the mechanisms of dispersion of pollution from traffic and buildings with its own heating system in the area of residential development.

The object of study is the dispersion of pollution from traffic in the conditions of modern buildings.

Purpose – to study the basic approaches to determine the mechanisms of dispersion of pollutants contained in the exhaust gases of vehicles and heating systems in buildings, in the area of residential development, which will allow to model and predict the contamination of any of the structural unit of the city, carried by the air flow.

Method of research – research, analyze possible approaches to defining the mechanisms of pollutant dispersion.

New, asking emissions are located within residential areas. Number of new buildings is significant and growing. However, their contribution to air pollution requires more detailed study. Random arrangement of buildings, with emissions of pollutants, can significantly increase the level of environmental hazards, the current due to contamination of air in inhabited areas. Found that the calculation of air pollution from traffic should be based on emissions from modern buildings. Proposed solution modeling of gas that emit traffic flows, taking into account modern buildings that have emissions. This allows to predict the state of air quality in residential areas and settings. And having the data on the ecological state quarter and its functional significance in the neighborhood, one could argue about the environmental situation of the city. In future, this will solve the problem of adverse ecological climate in the area of residential development.


To determine the effectiveness of a treatment plant carwash complex of hierarchies analysis method

Kobzysta O.P., Barabash H.V.

Today, car wash wastewater treatment plants are big list of manufacturers and models. When you select the equipment is very important to determine in advance with a set of functions and the amount that must meet the design of the treatment plant. Consider performance and functional characteristics of treatment facilities for car different manufactures, compare price. One of the main problems in determining an effective treatment plant carwash complex is the inconsistency the options necessary to improve the functioning of the car wash, which would satisfy the environmental and economic interests of the service.

The aim was to evaluate the most popular types on the market for treatment plants carwash complexes, an environmental assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of such a system to assess treatment.

Determination of effective treatment plant was performed using the analytic hierarchy process. The basis of the method – the problem is decomposed at each hierarchical level using pairwise comparisons. The result can be found by the relative degree of interaction between the elements on the given level of the hierarchy or the preference of one element relative to the other. This comparison provides a numerical score. When considering environmental issues, we should strive to ensure that the decomposition was increased to a level at which paired comparisons can be made components in the field experts.

The method involves the synthesis of multiple comparisons procedure, prioritization criteria and to find alternative solutions. Implementation of the method is subject to verification and rethinks until assured that covered all aspects are important to represent and solve this problem. The results obtained in one of the hierarchical levels are used as input to the next level of study. Peer review procedure should be carefully prepared and organized in the system plan.

The paper discusses three models of treatment plants popular in the market: «KERCHER HDR-777", "Neptune – 555», «AEROS – 1." The task was to choose one that will be most effective in environmental and economic terms. To determine the best options for effective treatment plant identified a number of parameters that can be set to improve the wash: productivity, quality of cleaning, reliability, warranty, automatic parameter control treatment, ease of maintenance, etc.

Formed the matrix of pairwise comparisons for the level of alternatives. Found normalized eigenvectors defined eigenvalues, confirmed the consistency of the matrix. The synthesis of the final solution – an operation weighing normalized eigenvectors alternatives weights of criteria, which were obtained at the beginning of the problem and the solutions contained in the eigenvectors of criteria.

Because when paired comparisons of alternatives with respect to each criterion, a large assessment relates to the manufacturer, who has had a positive benefit, the final preference index, which gained more evaluation. Option «AEROS – 1" had the lowest score (0.248) and, therefore, makes a whole range of factors considered ineffective option to install pollution control equipment at the car wash. The preference of a set of specified conditions given variant «KERCHER HDR-777" (0.474), the characteristics of which are most favorable for car wash industry.

Thus, by using the analytic hierarchy defined cleaning plant, which will be most appropriate for the washing of the complex as a whole. To do this, using a scale of relative weights, are defined in the criteria and calculated the possible solutions for each of the criteria. The synthesis of the final decision that the best option for car wash system is a complex water recycling treatment plant is presented in HDR 777 German company Karcher.